SUPERPOWERS - The future?

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  • The future of superpowers
    • A multi-polar world
      • Emerging powers continue to grow, whilst the USA and EU decline.
      • the countries involved may have a regional, but not global, influence.
      • China - Wants to secure South China Sea as its territory - wants to settle UNCLOS by claiming all territories in EEZ. Also building artificial islands.
        • Annual value of trade with AFRICA is USD$200 billion. (80% is oil).
        • Bipolar (New Cold War)
          • similar to the 1945-1990 Cold War period.
          • USA's influential ideologies (westernisation) compared to China's. They become equal in power and the world tend to follow one or the other.
          • USA's 1.9 fertility rate, with a small ageing population and strong political power.
      • Russia -part of G20.
      • MINT NATIONS (Mexico, Indonesia, nigeria, turkey).
    • Bipolar (New Cold War)
      • similar to the 1945-1990 Cold War period.
      • USA's influential ideologies (westernisation) compared to China's. They become equal in power and the world tend to follow one or the other.
      • USA's 1.9 fertility rate, with a small ageing population and strong political power.
    • Uni-polar - US Hegemony
      • China faces an economic crisis (similar to Japan's in 1990's) and no longer grows rapidly.
      • Dominance of economic and military alliances.
    • Unipolar - Asian century
      • economic, social and political problems reduce EU and USA's power, and this power shifts to the emerging powers (led by china) in Asia.

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