Changes in Tudor Government and Administration in the 1530s

Notes on Changes in Tudor Government and Administration in the 1530s (based around Elton's theory of Revolution in Tudor Government in the 1530s).

Specifically for Unit F961 Option A Study Topic 3: Henry VIII to Mary I, 1509-58

[specification for my course on page 22 ofhttp://www.ocr.org.uk/download/kd/ocr_9582_kd_gce_spec.pdf]

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CHANGES IN TUDOR GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION IN
THE 1530s
1. Royal Power Througout the Kingdom
In England
Sanctuaries:
Holyp
lacese
xempt
fr
om royal
l
aw­1
5 40a
ct
(af
ter
Cromw el
l'
s
fal
l
­not
al
l
hi
s
doi
ng )
ab ol
ished
the
ri
ght
of
sanct
uary
for
ser
ious
cri
mes (
rape,
murder
etc.
).
Liberties and Franchises: Li
mit
edf
reedomsf
r
om r
oyal
of
fi
cersa
ndl
aw si
nc
ert
aina
reaso
f
En gl
a n d ­ 15 3 6 acta
b o l
i
shed theser
ight
s,r
emo vi
ngme
d ieval
pract
icesa
nde
n sur
ing
Statut eL
a ww
o ulda
p ply
e verywher
e.
C r
omw ell
was
dir
ect
ly
responsi
blef
or
t
his
act,
however
ma ny of
th e
me dieval
prac ti
ces
w er
e i
n decl
ine
alr
eady.
th
Council of the North: Bornu
n dert
heY
o rki
sts(
15 Centur
y)a
n dr
eorgani
seda
f
tert
he
Pi
lgr
ima ge o f
G race i
n
1536/7
­ r
e act
ive.
Council g iven r esp onsi
bil
i
ty f or
l aw a nd orde r
n ort
h o f the R i
ver Tr
ent ­
nomina ting /o verseein g
JP s,
deal
ing
w i
th
cri
me,
tr
ade/
fo od
suppl
ies.
R oy a l
authorit
y
mo r
e di
rect
and r
apid.
Council of the West: 1539e
x ecut
iono
f
thel
eadi
ngl
ocal
nobl
ef
or
treason­c
ounci
l
set
upa
s
a
sol
u t
io n to
the
prob lem of
a vacuum of
power.
G i
v es s t
ruct
u re to
R oyal
Aut
h or
it
y.
Howev e r w hent heyf
i
ndan
e wd
o minant
nobl
ema n­J
ohnR
u ssel
­t
heC
o unci
l
i
s abol
ished
­
not
re a l
ly rev ol
uti
on
just
t
emp orar
y sol
uti
on t
o pr
obl
e ms.
In Wales
1534
­ Rowl
and
Lee
(Bi
shop)
appoi
nted
Presi
dent
of
t
he
C ounci
l
of
Wal
es
­ keeps
order
.
1536 Act of Union:
Incorpor
atesWa
l esi
nt
oE
n g l
i
shl
egal
anda
dminist
rat
ives
ystems ­1
543
act
de tai
ls ne w admini
str
a t
ive
str
uctur
es.
Wa l
es di
v i
d ed i
nto shi
res
­ each had
JPs and cr
ow n
ap poi
nted
off
icer
s.
Wa l
es sen t
24 MP s t
o par
li
ame nt.
Engli
s hc
o mmo nl
aw repl
acedl ocal
lawsa
n dE
n gl
ishb
e camet
h e`
offi
ci
a l
'
languagei
n
Wa l
es .
May b e do i
n g
this
to
secure t
axes i
n Wales
for
w ar
.
C E N T RA LI
SA TI
O N ­
legal
parl
i
a mentar
y str
ucture
imposed i
n wal
e s.
Wa l
es wa s not
a n
area wi
th pr
oblems of
rebel
li
on ­
refor
min g
here
anyw ay.
In Ireland
Engl
is
h
cont
rol
l
i
mit
ed
to
the
Pal
e r
egi
on.

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Earl
y1
6 Centur
y­c
o nt
inuat
iono
f
H7sp
ol
icyo
f
i
ndi
rect
rul
et
hr
oughE
ar
lso
f
Ki
ldar

c
h eap
and
rel
ati
vel
y saf
e.
153040 ­ Kil
da r
e's son rebel
led againstC
r omwel
l'
s r
eforms (
incl
udi
ng hi
s fat
h er
's
r
eplacement)
i
n
1534 ­
captur
ed and execut
ed .…read more

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­ Privy Council: 20l
ea di
ngf
i
guresi
nvol
vedi
nd
a il
yg
o ver
nme nt
­s mall
er,
regul
ar
f
eature
o f
g ovt.
Mo re
e ff i
ci
en cy/
securi
ty/
confi
dent
ial
it
y ­
dedicat
ed advi
sors.
S t
re aml i
ned,p
r o f
e ssi
onal Pri
vyC
o unci
l i
np
l aceo
f Royal
C ounci
l
­Cromwell
as
se creta r
y.…read more

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TC
­s et
se
x amp lef
or t
heu
s eo
f
p ar
li
ame nt
ands tat
utel
aw tos
o l
vep
oli
ti
cal
, r
eli
gious,
dynast
ic
, economic and
soci
al
p r
oblems.
C rowni
n t
egral
t
op
a rl
iamentaryp
rocess­a
c knowledgedb
y Henry
i
n1 542­K
IN GI
N
PAR LI
A ME NT.…read more

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Emphasis of Statutes:
B r
eakf
rom thep
ast
­u sedt
og
u ar
a nt
eel
iber
ti
es
ofcr
ow no
ver st
ate
t
h
and
church ­ 13 centur
y Mag na
C ar
ta
had sought
t
o asser
t
li
berti
es
of
people
ove r
cr
ow n.
e.
g.…read more

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Court of Augmentation: (deal
t
w i
the
x mo nast
ic
lands)
­cent
ral
staf
f.
Recei
ver
s
i
n r
e gions d e ali
ng with es t
ates.
1536 Court of Wards: ma n aged l
an ds held
in
tr
u st
f
or
minors
by
the cr
ow n.
1540 Court of First Fruits and Tenths: dealt
wit
h r
evenu e
fr
om cl
ergyme n.…read more

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Wol
sey
hadn'
t
made
an
assaul
t
on
monast
eri
es
­ he
closed
29.
Cromwe l
l
­1 535­a
p point
ed`
Vi
ceg
e rent
inS
p i
ri
tuals'
i
.e.
hew
a st
heA dministr
ator
of
the
Church.
1 535o
rde r
sv
i si
tat
ions(
inspect
ionso
f mon ast
eri
est
r
ad i
ti
onall
yo
rderedb
yb isho ps
et
c.…read more

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Di
ssol
uti
ono
ft
heMo
n aster
ies £1.
3mi
l
l
ion­ma
ssi
vei
nj
ect
iono
f
di
sposabl
ei
ncome
(
£800,
000 f
rom
land
sol
d/r
ented)
.…read more

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