Brown II (1955)

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Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Supreme courts overheard arguments over 2 year period
Courts considered research about segregation effects of African Americans
in 1954 chief justice Earl Warren issued supreme court verdict - unanimous
Plessy v. Ferguson overturned - removed constitutional sanction for
Warren Court ordered integration with deliberate speed -as soon as
possible schools should be segregated
Results & Significance of the brown ruling
White citizens council formed in south to defend segregation
Supreme court gave no date for segregation
Some states segregated quickly, schools in heart of confederacy remained
Whites closed schools rather than segregate
1955 - Brown II ruling - integration to be accomplished with deliberate
1956 - White citizens councils has more than 250,000 members - KKK


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