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Black Civil Rights Movement 1950-68

Blue- legal action

Orange- Legislation

Green- Peaceful protest

Purple- Militancy

Context: by 1950, Black Americans were still repressed of rights despite their actions in WW1, WW2, the Growth of Jazz music, Reconstruction and the formation of the NAACP in 1909. Jim Crow laws prevented them from obtaining equal civil rights to white men and so by the 1950s, the Civil rights movement got its first real gains.

1950s- Momentum builds in civil rights movement with the prominence of the NAACP and their legal tactics, headed by Thurgood Marshall, causing the emergence of MLK and a more decisive federal government.

1950- Sweatt vs Painter

1953- President Eisenhower is elected to power; Earl Warren appointed as Chief Justice

1954- Brown vs Topeka- A culmination of cases taken to the highest court in the land to challenge segregation in schools resulted in Brown vs Topeka used as the figurehead. The case was highly battled by black lawyer and NAACP member Thurgood Marshall. Eisenhower's appointment of a liberal white judge, Warren, meant that the case was a success with the ordering of desegregated

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