British Study Revision Notes

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  • Created on: 24-03-13 16:15
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Depth Study ­ Britain
British Governments: 1945 ­ 1979
Year Party Group Prime Minister Name
1945 - 1951 Labour Clement Atlee
1951 - 1964 Conservativ Winston Churchill until 1955, Anthony Eden until 1957, Harold
e Macmillan until 1963, Lord Alec Douglas-Home until 1964
1964 - 1970 Labour Harold Wilson
1970 - 1974 Conservativ Edward Heath
1974 - 1979 Labour Harold Wilson until 1976, James Callaghan until 1976

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Effect of World War on Britain:
German Blitzkrieg was the continuous bombing campaign by the German Luftwaffe (air force) across many towns
and cities in Britain until May 1941. in Britain 40,000 civilians lost their lives and more than a million houses were
destroyed or damaged in London.
Rationing was restrictions on food due to less food imports and the shortage of workers in the countryside.…read more

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Arrival on the Empire Windrush:
In 1948 large numbers of West Indians began to arrive. The Empire Windrush arrived at Tilbury in Essex on the 22nd
June 1948 carrying 492 passengers from the Caribbean who wished to start a new life.
What encouraged people to leave their homes:
1. The 1948 British Nationality Act: it confirmed the right of Commonwealth citizens to come and settle in
Britain regardless of race, colour and religion.
2.…read more

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What contributions had immigrants made to British society by the 1970's?
By the early 1970's many immigrants had become sporting heroes and founders of well-known businesses.
1. Establishment of permanent communities:
The flow of refugees had been continuous since the Second World War. Many of those who had arrived,
since then, they established permanent communities in particular parts of the UK. Places such as
Spitalfields and the Leylands in Leeds were where Jews lived.…read more

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Britain's involvement in the Korean War, the new Chancellor of the Exchequer, Hugh Gaitskell introduced
charges for false teeth and spectacles. This led to problems as Bevan believe that the socialist principle of free
health was being compromised. He resigned when the Cabinet wouldn't change their minds. But despite all of this
the NHS made a significant difference to people's lives.…read more

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Member's Bill. These Bills were a convenient way for Parliament to tackle controversial issues because any
government support might have split the Cabinet.…read more

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Teenagers in the 1950's
Until the 1950's the term teenagers had never been used before. Children were known as girls and boys and became
known as youths once they displayed signs of growing up. Many young people would get married and moved out to
a place of their own when they were around 21 years old. Getting married was a way of the youth joining the adult
world.…read more

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Changes in education
In the years after the Second World War there were changes to secondary and higher education.
Comprehensive Education
By the end of the Second World War the Education Act (1944) had ensured that secondary education in England,
Wales and Northern Ireland was free to all pupils at least up until the age of 14 years. It was managed under the
Tripartite System (education system which divided secondary schools into grammar schools, technical schools and
modern schools).…read more


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