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What opposition did Charles face during the Personal Rule and

how was it dealt with?


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The Hampden Case
Name: John Hampden
Year of Birth: 1595
Place of Birth: Buckinghamshire
Year of death: 1643
Religion: Puritan
· English Politician and leading public opponent of the regime.
· As a child he became owner of a large estate and a ward of the crown.
· In favour…

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1635 Refused to pay 20 shillings in Ship Money and collaborated with John Pym in an
attempt to prevent Charles levying of what was seen as an unnecessary tax.
1637 / 1638 His case was brought before twelve judges of the Court of the

Exchequer (for crown revenue cases). It…

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immoral and contrary to scripture. He was late

found guilty of sedition.
1634 Robert Heath (Charles I Chief Justice of the Common Pleas) dismissed at the
instigation of Laud because it was thought that he might oppose religious changes.
1637 Bishop John Williams imprisoned for published criticism "The Holy…

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The first Earl of Clarendon
Name: Edward Hyde
Year of Birth: 1609
Place of Birth: Wiltshire
Year of death: 1674
Religion: favoured the Anglican church

· He supported the impeachment of the Earl of Strafford.
· He opposed the Root and Branch Bill which threatened to abolish episcopacy.
· Leading…

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1642 Opposed Five Members Coup but supported still supported the monarchy. He
helped produce the answers to the 19 propositions stating that the monarch was the
best protection of: church, constitution and order.Hyde was expelled from Parliament
and denounced as an "evil councillor."
1643 Hyde was knighted and appointed to…

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d pamphlets.
1638 After refusing to take the oath he was given the sentence that he was to be
whipped, pilloried and imprisoned until he admitted his guilt. He declared his innocence
and his punishment ended up as an anti government demonstration with public
He was imprisoned for nearly…

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The development of antiCatholicism

The progression of Catholicism from the Reformation onwards was shaped by
multiple events.

1534 The Act of Supremacy declared the English crown to be "the only supreme
head on Earth of the Church of England" in place of the Pope. Anti Catholicism was
grounded in the…

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The threat of the Spanish War, under Elizabeth I, heightened antiCatholicism,
especially during attempted invasions like the Spanish invasion of 1588 (the Spanish

1605 The Gunpowder plot was an attempt by Guy Fawkes and a collection of
catholic conspirators who intended to blow up King James I and parliament.…

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1633 Charles decided to introduce a new prayer book into Scotland although it wan't
fully prepared.
1634 Many of the lords in Scotland petitioned against Charles' religious innovations,
but this was rejected by the sovereign completely.
1637 As part of the imposition of religious uniformity Laud was able to secure…


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