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Lord Salisbury

Lord Robert Salisbury, born in 1830, was the second son of the then Lord Salisbury. Before he finished his
degree he suffered a breakdown and was sent abroad to recover. Coupled with the fact he married against
his father's wishes lead to Salisbury being forced to live on…

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The issues at the time of 1900:

The problem of poverty
Britain's economy
The crisis in industrial relations
Britain's role as an empire
The question of the franchise (60% of males had the vote)
The position of the House of Lords
The Ulster question (Irish Home rule)

The emergence of…

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frailty which posed the question whether Britain would be strong enough to fight a larger war if one
occurred. The upper classes were becoming increasingly aware of the poverty that struck the streets
of London despite the poor law.)
The issue of Ireland and Home Rule threatened the Integrity of…

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size and that the number of children in a family was a more significant element in determining living
standards than unemployment.
The poor physical condition of many would-be recruits for the Boer war 1889-1902 added fuel to
the fires of publicity that scientific investigation had stoked. It added to the…

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At central level responsibility for both elementary and secondary education had been assumed by a board
of education created in 1899 on advice of a royal commission with Balfour and Devonshire proposing to
extend this to a local level.

Opposition to the act

The act had created local education authorities…

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The early stages of the war had raised doubts about Britain's status as a military power.
The political divisions at home and the moral scandal of the camps had put imperialism in a poor
light and the same for the unionist government who had lead the campaign, backed the idea…

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of Britain being threatened by foreign competitors whilst Britain's ability to sell products abroad was reduced
by foreign tariffs.

Chamberlain wanted tariffs to be levied on foreign imports, but not on imports of goods from the empire.
This would have the double advantage of binding the territories of the Empire…

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between Rosebury and Campbell-Bannerman over the presidency of the party as Rosebury had little or no
support within the party whilst Campbell- Bannerman had no difficulty in forming a government and was able
to call an election in 1906 from a strong position.

The Taff Vale case was another significant…

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supporters. Balfour's most significant achievement was to reduce the chaos of English education through the
education reform act 1902 however even then extensive controversy was stirred by the act from the Non-
conformists who believed that the ratepayers should not be forced to pay levy's to fund Anglican schools.
This…

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two divides by either stating that he was for tariff reform and that the rest of the party must do the
same or that the Idea of Tariff should be rejected wholly and left. His manner of sitting on the fence
and waiting for the issue to pass is very…

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