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Geography unit 3 ­ Bridging the development gap

BRIDGING THE DEVELOPMENT GAP:
GDP: gross domestic product, is the total value of goods and services produced by a country
during a year
GNI: gross national income; similar to GDP but also includes income from overseas investment by…

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This only refers to economics, excluding all of the social factors.
Which are the most 2 influential players with regards to trade and therefore development?
International organisations are in my opinion one of the most influential players when looking at
trade and development as they include…

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little or no social protection mechanisms
limited access to health and education opportunities
limited access to credit facilities
ENVIRONMENT
careful management or significant efforts to promote sustainable development
environmental health issues linked to lack of clean water and sanitation access
problems resulting from rapid industrialisation such…

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APARTHEID is an African Word meaning `segregation', which is used to describe a
political legal system used in South Africa to separate different ethnic groups there
between 1948 and 1994
Gradually South Africa developed a multi-ethnic population
Afrikaners thought they were superior to indigenous Africans
Many…

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8. Aid to develop education, health services, safe water supplies, modern means of
communication
9. Political stability


TYPES OF AID AND DEFINITIONS:

BOTTOM UP TOP DOWN
Humanitarian: aims to alleviate Bilateral aid: involves a one-to-one
suffering in the short term, for example relationship between donor and…

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