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Biological Therapy- Treating Abnormality
Biological Therapy- Treatment to boost or restore the ability of the immune system to fight
cancer, infections, and other diseases. It is also used to lessen certain side effects that may
be caused by some cancer treatments. These therapies are based on physiological
Psychosurgery- The mode of action involves the cutting of neural tissue in the brain and was
designed to alter the symptoms of severe psychological disorders. Psychosurgery is a
treatment of last resort, used only in extreme cases when other treatment methods have
failed and where, because of the disorder, the person is likely to cause harm to themselves
Frontal Lobotomy- Schizophrenia- Often considered the most extreme form of
psychosurgery, used on patients suffering from schizophrenia. The clinical results of
prefrontal lobotomy were studied in 100 cases of schizophrenia. Ten patients were much
improved, 32 were improved, 42 were slightly improved, 14 were unimproved, and 2 were
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as
electroshock, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in
anesthetized patients for therapeutic effect. This therapy is an effective treatment for
severe depression. Anti-depressant have since been introduced, lowering the need/demand
for this kind of treatment.
Drugs-Drug therapy is usually combined with other kinds of psychotherapy. The main
categories of drugs used to treat psychological disorders are antianxiety drugs,
antidepressants, and antipsychotics.
Drug treatment- Schizophrenia- A revolution in the treatment of schizophrenia began a half-
century ago, with the introduction of chlorpromazine in 1952. For the first time,
psychiatrists had a drug that effectively suppressed the hallucinations and delusions of acute
-Antianxiety drugs include a class of drugs called benzodiazepines, or tranquilizers. Two
commonly used benzodiazepines are known by the brand names Valium and Xanax.
-Antidepressants usually take a few weeks to have an effect. There are three classes of
antidepressants: monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclics, and selective serotonin reuptake
-Antipsychotic drugs are used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. They
include chlorpromazine, thioridazine, and haloperidol. Antipsychotic drugs usually begin to
take effect a few days after they are administered.