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Fortress Antwerp was a defensive belt of
fortifications built in two rings to defend
Antwerp was designated to be a
national reduit in case Belgium was attacked.
It was built in the period 1859­1914.
In total it encompasses a belt of
fortifications of 95 km. Until the mid-19th
century (from 1830) the defence of Belgium
consisted of twenty fortified cities (called
Wellington Barrier…read more

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It was to be built to form a defence against
France. The defence of Antwerp was also
aimed at the river Scheldt.
Belgium worked with Britain during the
Napoleonic wars to fight against Franec.…read more

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The forts had a multiple function:
Long-range defence
Fire support between the forts themselves
Short range and canal defence.
The first forts 1-8 (Act of 1859) originally had
no fixed artillery. The artillery consisted of
mobile field artillery. Developments in the
gun caliber had been taken into account in
the construction by an increased ground
cover. In the later forts fixed artillery is
used.…read more

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The main development in the field of
artillery were:
From 1885, instead of gunpowder picric acid
or nitrocellulose was used.
The shells had explosive action by using TNT.
In Germany, the first drawn steel gun barrels
were manufactured, which replaced the cast
iron or bronze barrels. Thus gun caliber could
be increased. The effect of the impact
increased to a multitude.…read more

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