The Background to the Dutch Revolt

The Netherlands in 1549

-Includes information on Geography, Society, Poverty, Trade and the Provinces

- Diagrams, photos and colour

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  • Created on: 08-04-15 20:45
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The Background to The Dutch Revolt
The Netherlands in 1549
Grand Tour
In 1549 Prince Philip future heirto his fathers many lands had a s
ix month tour
of the Netherlands from April to September.
It was a largely cultural areawith plays, chambers of rhetoric, presentations and
even a specially illustrated book was commissioned.
There were `excesses at the table'showing thearea's richness and prosperity.
On All Fools Day, subjects met the their future lord in Brussels.
Philip was in the company of; his father Charles V, his aunt and regent of the
Netherlands Mary of Hungary, leading nobles- Orange, Berghes, Egmont and
Horne- and his principal Spanish advisors- Duke of Alba and Ruy Gó
mez de
Philip was sworn in as heir apparent in every province.
The tour was supposed to stress political stability, unity, harmony and solidarity
but this was misleading as the provinces were politically fragmented and volatile.

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There was widespread literacy:`
almost everyone'
knew how to read and write,
even women.
150 schools in Antwerp alone.
40 schools in Ghent (12 grammar schools)
6 schools in Flushing and 3 in Veere (which had a population of only 3,000).
A flourishing teacher's guild started in the 1460's existed.
A school in Zwolle with 2,000 pupils was famous.
Clearly a high regard for education in every province
IMPORTANT- Areas of extremely high educational provision e.g.…read more

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The southernand most oldest province of Charles'
s inheritance
was cut off completely by Lorraine- an independent duchy.
Transport and Communications
Physical and political obstacles impeded communication.
A sea voyage was slow and transport by horse and cart was impossible.
Messages to the central government were sent by runner overland- messengers
on foot were the fastest.
Short distances took many hours.
The south had better communications as had a network of commercial routes
centred on Antwerp/Brussels.…read more

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There were 200 towns in the Netherlands.
19 out of these towns had more than 10,000 people while Antwerp, the largest,
had 80,000.
The Netherlands was an area of fertile fieldsand vast expenses of flat
A great variety crops and produce grew in the Netherlandse.g. peaches, cherries,
apricots, apples and pears.
The problem with food in the Netherlands was not quality but quantity.…read more

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Trade and Antwerp
Antwerp was one of the largest cities in Europe and the trade centre of the Low
75% of total trade in the Netherlandshappened here
10,000 laden carts left every week.
Antwerp choked with merchandise, carts and people who sought out its unique
commercial opportunities.
As it was easily reached, many nations met in the market.
Antwerp was a place of indispensable raw materials.
Antwerp printed in all languages and had the largest printing house in northern
Europe.…read more

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The declining cities in the eastern provinces of Zwolle and Deventer were
completely eclipsed by Flanders and Brabant.
Flanders was primarily involved in the weaving industry.…read more


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