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The Background to The Dutch Revolt

The Netherlands in 1549

Grand Tour

In 1549 Prince Philip future heirto his fathers many lands had a s
ix month tour
of the Netherlands from April to September.
It was a largely cultural areawith plays, chambers of rhetoric, presentations and
even a specially…

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There was widespread literacy:`
almost everyone'
knew how to read and write,

even women.
150 schools in Antwerp alone.
40 schools in Ghent (12 grammar schools)
6 schools in Flushing and 3 in Veere (which had a population of only 3,000).
A flourishing teacher's guild started in the 1460's…

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The southernand most oldest province of Charles'
s inheritance

was cut off completely by Lorraine- an independent duchy.
Transport and Communications

Physical and political obstacles impeded communication.
A sea voyage was slow and transport by horse and cart was impossible.
Messages to the central government were sent by runner…

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There were 200 towns in the Netherlands.

19 out of these towns had more than 10,000 people while Antwerp, the largest,
had 80,000.


The Netherlands was an area of fertile fieldsand vast expenses of flat
A great variety crops and produce grew in the Netherlandse.g. peaches, cherries,

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Trade and Antwerp

Antwerp was one of the largest cities in Europe and the trade centre of the Low
75% of total trade in the Netherlandshappened here
10,000 laden carts left every week.

Antwerp choked with merchandise, carts and people who sought out its unique
commercial opportunities.
As it…

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The declining cities in the eastern provinces of Zwolle and Deventer were
completely eclipsed by Flanders and Brabant.
Flanders was primarily involved in the weaving industry.


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