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Beliefs in Society

Substantive definitions Exclusivist definitions
These are concerned with what religion IS These usually define religion in a very
rather than what religion does for its limited way referring to beliefs, actions and
members. They get at the `inner core' & institutions orientated towards supernatural
essence of religion…

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Substantial & 1. Too narrow and difficult to qualify as a religion
Exclusive definitions 2. Not all religions believe in supernatural beings e.g. Buddhism
3. Ethnocentric: not all cultures make a distinction between `natural' &
`supernatural' some see God and angels as very much real!
4. These definitions lead to…


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