Baris Melampahan Notes

Hope these notes help because I know that I struggle with this set work!

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  • Created on: 14-05-13 16:41
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Baris Melampahan
Gong Kebyar de Sebatu
Performing Forces and their Handling
Gamelan ­ comes from the word Gamels ­ means to strike
Normally gamelan ensembles aren't the same
Most have metaliphones, gongs, and drums. This set work has cymbals and bamboo flute
Instruments are tuned to each other ­ joined together ­ shouldn't be changed to another gamelan
group
Instruments
Kempli ­ single gong which is mounted horizontality struck with mallrats
Kemong ­ small hanging gong
Kempur ­ medium sized gong
Normal gong
Jegogan ­ pair of large one octaves metaliphones
Calung ­ similar to the Jegogan but an octave higher
Suling ­ bamboo flute
Ugal ­ bronze metaliphone
Gangsa groups of metaliphones ­ named according to their pitch
Reyong ­ row of 12 small horizontal gongs
Kendhang ­ two headed pan drum
Cengceng ­ horizontally mounted cymbals
Tonality and Timbre
Based on Pelog scale ­ similar to pentatonic
Used the pelog selisir 1 2 3 5 6 C# D E G# A
Every gamelan has a unique tuning which has an influence on gamelan ensemble
Melody
Gamelan has a basic core melody ­ main melody ­ repeated with some variation throughout ­
this is called the popok
This is played by the Ugal mainly
Rhythm and Metre
Rhythm is one of the main parts of Gamelan music
Tremendous rhythmic skill and precision to play in a Gamelan ensemble
Beginning and end ­ tempo ­ slightly pulled around as they follow the main drummer
Main part there is a strict pulse present
Gamelan music based on colotomic structure higherachy of rhythms dictates the functions of the
various musical layers ­ everything has a particular purpose
End accent is essential in understanding the rhythmic structure. The final beat has the greatest
importance
Based on an 8 note rhythmic cycle ­ 8th beat most important and heavily stressed
8 4 2 6 ­ hierarchy of beats
Complete rhythmic cycle is called a gongam
Keteg is a four beat pattern within each gongam
The gong defines the cycle, plays on every final beat
On the 8th beat rhythm of the jegogan there is a circle in the score to tell the instrumentalist when
to play
Kempli is known as the time keeper
Kotekan is the technique of interlocking rhythms in which players play very different parts
synchronise to produce what appears to be a single line

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Each of the two reyong lines is syncopated but does have the effect of an unaffected rhythmic line,
not obvious syncopated line
The kendhang has varying rhythmic cycles In the B sections the Kendhang rhythm is constant and
rapid. Whereas in the other sections it is more fragmented in style. In the final BS section the
kendhang dictates the tempo change to the other players.…read more

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