Baris melampahan

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Background information

  • This piece comes from Indonesia (Bali) which is a culturally rich and diverse place
  • This is a baris which is an ancient ritual dance usually performed by young men demonstrating their military skills 
  • Ceremonial occasion- with costume and sometimes weapons 
  • This piece is usually 12 minutes long
  • In the modern gong kebyar style:
  • Aggressive style
  • Vivid contrasts
  • Sudden outbursts 
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Resources (instruments)

  • Kendhang- role of the master drummer playing 2 headed drums. Sets the tempo and cues features such as repeats 
  • Drums and cymbals- adds contrasts especially to loud sections e.g. lanang, wadon and ceng-ceng
  • Balunga- one octave metallophones e.g. celung and jegogan and suling (bamboo flute) which plays the main theme
  • Panususan- larger 2 octave metallophones e.g. ugal which decorate and embellish the main theme
  • Gongs- the gong strokes mark the different sections in the music e.g. kempur and kemong 
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Melody and rhythm/tempo

  • Gamelan is an ensemble made up of percussive instruments e.g. gongs and metallophones 
  • Made, kept and tuned together as a unique set 
  • Each gamelan is tuned differently and the pitches don't relate to western notation 
  • Metallophones are tuned slighty differently in pairs 
  • Creates beating effect- ombak (where the same note is played). This gives the music a shimmering quality 
  • 5 pentatonic notes of the 7 note pelog scale is used 
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  • Heterophonic texture- where different variations of the same melody is played 
  • Different versions of the balungan melody is played 
  • Core melody- balungan (basis of the music) 
  • Gong strokes mark the end of the main sections 
  • The music is organised into 4 beat groups (a bit like bars) each called a ketang 
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  • Intro- free time from the kendhang
  • Ux2- balungan: core melody 
  • Angsel section/loud section- drums, cymbals and panususan instruments are added
  • Page 527- variations in dynamics 
  • Shorter sections- kendhang accents offering contrasts by featuring mainly drums and simple versions of the balungan melody
  • Instruments come together at the end of each section on note 6 and the variety of dynamics at letter H
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