AS Unit G541: Psychological Investigations (revision booklet)

Full research method booklet. Definitions with strengths and weaknesses of each approach! Includes colourful pictures and clear tables. I got an A with this, hope it helps, please rate :) Thanks, Maxine

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  • Created on: 23-04-13 22:48
Preview of AS Unit G541: Psychological Investigations (revision booklet)

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
Maxine. I
AS Unit G541:
Psychological
Investigations
OCR Revision notes
Maxine Ihezie
1/10/2013
1

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
[OCR] 3.1 AS Unit G541: Psychological Investigations
C an di
dates
w i
l
l nee d t
o be f
ami l
iar
wit
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four
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e chni
ques f
o r
co l
lect
ing/an alysi
n g
d at
a.…read more

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
Exemplification (psychological investigations)
Candi
da t
es s ho ul
d be ab le t
o:
Descr
ib e t
he
fou r
te chni
q ues
(s el f
r
e po rt,
ex peri
me nt,
observa tion ,
cor
relati
on):
f or
s e l
fre po rt
this
sho ul
d i
n cl
u de a k now ledge and understa n d i
ng of
rati
n g
s ca les…read more

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
Self Report
Questionnaires, Interviews, Sampling methods
Self report studies must be clear so that respondents can understand the questions. Research must not
be biased or involve leading questions as it may mean that respondents do not give their own opinions
because they are swayed by the phrasing of the question.
Structured/Formal: Set questions (closed ended). Participants have a limited range of answers to
give.…read more

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
Produces Quantitative
May misrepresent
Qualitative Difficult to analyse data which is easier to
response
analyse
A good
questionnaire will
have a Unl
ikel
y t
o di
s cover
combination of anyt
hing
rese ar
cher
both open and di
dn't
expec
t
closed ended
questions.
Questionnaire Issues:
Researcher effects: Ambiguous Questions:
The type of person asking the questions has an The same question may mean different things to
effect on the answers. different people.…read more

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
More valid than
Stays on topic more
questionnaires or formal Interviewer Effects Interviewer Effects
than informal
interviews.
Not sticking to Demand Demand
preplanned questions characteristics, social Can explore complex characteristics, social
means flexibility to desirability effect, issues better than a desirability effect,
explore interesting evaluation apprehension questionnaire. evaluation apprehension
issues. effect. effect.…read more

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
l
i
n
t
e
r
v
i
e
w
.
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St
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quest
ions
li
mits
val
idi
ty
e
and
prevents
explor
ati
on
d
of
i
nter
esti
ng responses
.…read more

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
Reliability refers to how consistent a measuring device is (repeatable). A measurement is said to be
reliable or consistent if the measurement can produce similar results if used again in similar
circumstances.
e.g. if a speedometer didn't give the same readings at the same speed it would be useless and
unreliable.
Split half method ­ Measures reliability of selfreport. This involves splitting a test into two and
having the same participant doing both halves of the test.…read more

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Unit 1: Research Methods revision Maxine I
Sampling App
Method
How it works Advantages Disadvantages
sit
The whole Start by working out whom or Representative Time consuming compared Asking if
population of what the target pop. is then Generalise to using quota opportunity feel bette
your target get the names off a national Could be expensive without m
database/register. They are Difficult to get everybody
group (not a
subjects of the investigation.…read more

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Comments

Aman

Thank You !!!

Sumayah

did you get an a in the actual course itself  and also thank your the resources 

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