AS Sociology Education (essay): 'Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce existing class structure (20 marks)'

Essay: Based on Education/Marxism/Class=  'Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce existing class structure (20 marks)'
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Preview of AS Sociology Education (essay): 'Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce existing class structure (20 marks)'

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Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on
ideology and reproduce existing class structure (20 marks)
Intro: Marxists theorists take a macro approach on society they look into the bigger
picture and in broad terms the affects of the education system on society. They are
also a conflict theory based on social class, they believe that society is capitalist and
in favor of and benefit the bourgeoisie and the working class are exploited and
disadvantaged.
Para1: Marxists believe that education serves the needs of capitalism and the ruling
class. This is because education functions to transmit norms and values that create
social stability in society. They believe these norms and values reflect the dominant
ideologies that benefit the ruling elite and so success in education is based on class
not intelligence. A way education does this is through the hidden curriculum
suggested by Althusser. The hidden curriculum is those things indirectly taught and
learned in education outside the overt programme of subjects and courses in
particular values, beliefs and attitudes, for example punctuality, Marxists believe it is
the norms and values of obedient workers that are taught in the hidden curriculum.
This is evident in the correspondence principle explained by Bowles and Gintis
which is the correlation between education and the workplace. For example pupils
must conform and obey authority figures in school such as teachers and this is also
apparent in the workplace where workers work under management such as their boss
or supervisor.
Para2: The class difference in education is evident in a study by Bernstein showing
that the working classes are disadvantaged in education because of speech codes.
Bernstein suggested that working class students suffer from a language deficit and
results in their failure in education system. Bernstein stated that middle class
children had elaborated speech codes in which they have the ability to switch to from
the restricted code where they would speak in more detail and use complex sentence
structures whereas working class children have only restricted speech codes and
their speech is disjointed and unpunctuated and not elaborated. Since most text
books and exam papers use elaborated codes the working class would have difficulty
understanding them thus resulting in failure and the middle class having an advantage
in education. Due to the disadvantage the working classes have this explains the
reproduction of the class system, supporting the Marxist view.
Para3: Although Bernstein's theory gives support to the Marxist view it can be
criticized since it is stereotypical of the working class children. Not all working
class children may have restricted code, they may have elaborated speech codes and

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Para4: A criticism of the Marxist view is that of Paul Willis who was a neoMarxist
who took an interpretist approach to Marxist theory. He studied a small group of
working class boys `the lads' during their last year and a half at school. Willis found
that the boys rejected school and had an antischool subculture.…read more

Comments

Isabella Swan .. Edward Cullen ***


good notes :)

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