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Page 1

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1928 report that Nazis had no `noticeable' influence

1923 munich puctch had resulted to the imprisonment of Hitler and his arrest

In 1925 = was able to rebuild the party, economic stability had let to political stability so extremist
parties like the Nazis had seemed to missed there chance


Page 2

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New wiemer republic = established out of defeat and was associated with failure and
goevened by traitors

Treaty of Versailles: signed in 1919

Opposition to the treaty = centrl belief of german nationalists
Treaty condemned as a diktat because german delegation couldn't negotiate terms
Germany lost all non-german speaking territory…

Page 3

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Ideology, policial aims and ideas published in mein kampf
Wasn't a coherent set of ideas
Key themes:
1) Expand empire and unite the austro-hungarian empire and germany
2) Anti-semetic jewish businesses undermined war effort, new gov. jewish dominated
3) German people are superior and the job of the state…

Page 4

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Intolerance of diversity:

1) National socialism stressed the subordinations of the individual to the state common goal =
perfect state duty and sacrifice in pursuit of a common goal was crucial
2) The Kaisers germany was a great power and had been an authoritarian state and hitler
wanted to restore…

Page 5

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J on all passports if going Switzerland to restrict emigration because due to nazi policies
they were poor or unemployed
Anschluss with Austria in 1938 all ant-semetic decrees applied in astria awell

Anschluss: union of germany and Austria Creation of a unified greater germany = part of ideolofy

Night of…

Page 6

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Jews and gypsies viewed with discomfort where the lives with `normal' population
Social outsiders whose behaviour or physical appearance led the Nazis to believe that they
where degenerate or biologically inferior
Those who were degenerate = dangerous


Seen as a threat to public order
Mass arrests in 1933

Page 7

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1936 absorbed catholic youth groups and membership = compulsory
Boys and girls had separate movements
Boys: nazi ideology, physical activity, outdoor activity, commitment to national socialism and
military discipline where given uniform and dagger and were Germanys future
Loyalty to hitler youth + nazi state = more important than loyalty…

Page 8

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Competing political ideologies:

Ideological enemies of national socialism = ruthlessly pursued
Was a monolithic ideology other beliefs and values = not tolerated
Creation of a one party state = based on deire for total power alone, suppression of other
parties and also suppression of other ideologies which were wrong and…

Page 9

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SD branch of ss provided info on political opponents Jews, church
Enemies of state detained in camps KPD 300,000, SPD and trade unions
`terror is the best policial weapon'

Limits to intolerance:

Abable to crush a great deal of racial, social and political intolerance in 1933-39
Regime wasn't entirely successful…

Page 10

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Historical films = emphasise need for a important leaser and their role in historical changes

Historiography of holocaust:

Intentionalist historians ­ Lucy Dawidowicz = see a deliberate plan or intention for Holocaust
final solution always away of eliminating Jews and see Hitler being cenral to the
development of holocaust


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