AQA SOCIOLOGY- ALL EDUCATION NOTES

PART 1- THEORIES is  in next upload! :)

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p.s sorry i have shortened some words/phrases so just ask me if your unsure, + some spelling mistakes probably! 

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  • Created by: lalaxx
  • Created on: 19-05-14 15:55
Preview of AQA SOCIOLOGY- ALL EDUCATION NOTES

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TOPIC
2 CLASS, EDUCATIONAL UNDER/ACHEIVMENT
1) Intelligence
NR Saunders argue; WC have less innate
or inherited intelligence shown by IQ tests than MC. H/E impossible to separate genetic
influences from environmental influences such as poverty, quality of school etc. IQ tests=cultural
bias, measure what MC academics regard intelligence as.
EXTERNAL FACTORS (CLASS DIFF)

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Cultural deprivation
INTELLECTUAL DEVEOLPMENT: Development of thinking and reasoning skills. Theorists would
argue WC lack educational books, toys + activities that would help stimulate a child's ID.
DOUGLAS W/C pupils scored less on ability test as parents less likely to support child's ID. He
measured parental interest by counting no. time parents evening etc. result= MC are more likely
to be engaged with kids intellectually than WC.
NEWSONS MC=child centred=greater cultural investment in nursery, educ toys, private
schooling (educ resources).…read more

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GERWITZZ
Sees how greater parental choice has benefitted one social class more. Study; 14 London
schools with interviews from parents and teachers. She found that diff in economic and cultural
capital led to class difference ­how far parents can implement choice of 2ndry school.…read more

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EVALUATION/CRITICISMS
interacs have drawn attention to how schools, teachers and children interct and how
classroom process can effect educational outcomes.
Interactionism tends to ignore social influences external to the classroom. E.g.
Marxists=school shaped by social class inequalities, income, wealth and PP in the org of
wider society.
Willis: theory underestimates WC culture. WC children do not fail because they are
labelled by teachers, but -> don't see quals as relevant to factory work (their
destination) behaviour- attitude to rejection rather than labelling as educ=Xlegit.…read more

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­ unable to develop reasoning and problem solving skills. Also the
language used by black= inadequate for educational success. English not first language= held
back.H/R MIRZA&GILLBORN, Indian pupils do well despite English not 1st lang
TTIDUES AND VALUES- lack of motivation. Many children are socialised in a mainstream
culture of ambition, competitiveness and willingness to sacrifice to achieve long term goals.
Black children are socialised into a fatalistic subculture.
AMILY STRUCTURE: failure to socialise children adequately ­ dysfunctional family structure.…read more

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REX- shows how racial discrimination =social exclusion, worsens poverty faced by ethnic
minorities, e.g. Housings; forced into substandard accom than whites.…read more

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No. studies conducted 1980 suggested education system might be institutionally racist.
Policies and classroom practices may be discriminating in hidden ways against pupils from
other backgrounds. Swann report'86 argued that curriculum=ethnocentric, knowledge,
teaching methods and modes of assessment are biased in favour of a white/Christian/English.
Gillborn & Mirza '2000 too argue that institutional racism is embedded in the hidden curriculum
of the British education system in the following ways;
Ethnocentric curric: history, literature & science focuses on white British culture, rarely
acknowledges multicultural.…read more

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TOPIC 4 Gender & educational achievement
Patterns: up until 1980s, major concern in education sociology was with perceived
underachievement of girls as boy's outperformed girls. They were less likely than boys to
pursue further/ higher education, however from the early 1990s, girls began to outperform boys
at most levels of the education systems as indicated below:
-KS1-3 boys outperformed girls consistently do better, esp in English, science+maths, gap is
narrower. GCSE, girls 10% Better.…read more

Comments

simran

you have done a great job at making this. it has everything i need to revise Topic 2. thanks

lalaxx

its okay, topics 3 and 4 are also inc arent they? and topic 1 is in the next one i uploaded

FARIDA8557

IS THIS STILL APPLICABLE TO THE NEW SYLLABUS ? PLEASE REPLY 

THANK YOU .

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