AQA Religious studies B - Religion, war and peace

Religion, war and peace

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  • Created on: 02-05-11 16:58
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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace
The causes of war
Conflict
Occurs when people's ideas, interests, values or personalities clash and when they cannot agree
with each other.
Conflict often refers to fighting that has been going on for some time.
When countries disagree and cannot settle their differences by peaceful means, they often resort to
armed conflict or war.
Why do people go to war?
To defend their country against attack.
To defend their beliefs, religion, freedom and way of life, or sometimes to extend these to other
people, for example by imposing their values on another country.
To defend an ally or protect a weaker country that was unfairly attacked.
To remove their own leader or government (civil war).
To gain more land or regain territory lost in a previous war.
To gain wealth, power or important resources, such as oil.
To stop atrocities such as genocide (mass murder) in another country or to depose a dictator
(force a dictator to give up power).
The Vietnam War
War took place in Vietnam, Southeast Asia, 1959 ­ 1975.
Communist government of North Vietnam, supported by other communist countries fought
against the government of South Vietnam, supported by the USA and others.
Despite the superior equipment & power of the USA, the North won the war.
The communists then reunified Vietnam and took over Laos and Cambodia.
Many millions killed in the conflict and the war created a massive problem of refugees.
The refugees fled to South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia when the conflict ended.
They risked death in boats that were not seaworthy to get away.
The Falklands conflict
The Falkland Islands and South Georgia are British territories off the coast of South America.
For a long time, Argentina has claimed the islands belong to them.
In April 1982, Argentina invaded the Falklands and South Georgia to take them over.
British sent a taskforce to protect the islanders and regain control of the islands, and Argentina
surrendered in June 1982.
The `war' had not been officially declared and was over in 74 days. 907 people lost their lives.
Consequences of war
Some consequences ­ positive. Freedom from and occupying power, or the replacement of a
corrupt government with something better can bring benefits to a country's people.
Main consequences are negative. Conflict causes deaths and injuries among both members of the
armed forces and civilians.
Destruction of a country's economy, culture and infrastructure.
Disease and famine can spread when fresh water supplies have been contaminated, and homeless
refugees are often reduced to living in camps in squalid conditions.
Hinal Tanna

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace
Cost of conflict ­ enormous. Every hour, £100 million is spent worldwide on weapons of war ­
money that could go towards solving problems of poverty and hunger.
Peace, Justice and the Sanctity of Life
Peace
Peace ­ an absence of conflict which leads to happiness and harmony.
Many people in UK take peace for granted. It has been over 60 years since WWII.…read more

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace
Christian pacifists today follow the example of Jesus who did not resist arrest and allowed himself
to be crucified for love of the human race. Jesus taught his followers to live and work for peace.
Christian pacifists ­ willing to die but not kill for their beliefs. They will not serve as troops but are
willing to serve as ambulance drivers, nurses etc.…read more

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace
Example of Mahatma Gandhi and his commitment to non-violence (ahimsa). He believed that the
force of truth (Satyagraha) could be used to fight causes.
He saw humanity as one, not divided by politics, race, religion etc.
In the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna was horrified by the slaughter in war, but Krishna told him that as a
Kshatriya it is his dharma to fight against evil, and fighting will help him attain moksha.…read more

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace
Cities destroyed, homes lost, families and friends separated and children are orphaned.
Trying to restore law and order is difficult when some people may want revenge on old enemies.
Some people become refugees, (people who flee from their homes seeking safety elsewhere)
fleeing to other countries with few possessions and no rights of citizenship there.
They may be forced to live in refugee camps with poor conditions, and little water and food.…read more

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace
Religious believers who have worked for peace
The Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso ­ born in 1935 in Tibet. He was enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama (the Buddhist
spiritual leader of the Tibetan people) in 1950 in Lhasa, Tibet's capital city.
Chinese occupation of Tibet
1950 ­ Chinese army invaded Tibet. Despite peace talks & attempts of a peaceful solution, the
Chinese treated the Tibetan people badly.…read more

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace
In 1943, Irena was arrested by Nazi secret police, severely tortured & sentenced to death. The
resistance saved her by bribing German guards. She was left unconscious in the woods, with
broken legs & arms, & was officially dead. From then on she lived in hiding continuing her work
for Jewish children.…read more

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