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Page 1

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



The causes of war

Conflict
Occurs when people's ideas, interests, values or personalities clash and when they cannot agree
with each other.
Conflict often refers to fighting that has been going on for some time.
When countries…

Page 2

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



Cost of conflict ­ enormous. Every hour, £100 million is spent worldwide on weapons of war ­
money that could go towards solving problems of poverty and hunger.






Peace, Justice and the Sanctity of Life

Peace
Peace…

Page 3

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



In some cases ­ sanctity of enemies' lives is less important than establishing peace for all. In some
situations, believers accept war as less of an evil than doing nothing, and the only way of
establishing true…

Page 4

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



Christian pacifists today follow the example of Jesus who did not resist arrest and allowed himself
to be crucified for love of the human race. Jesus taught his followers to live and work for peace.
Christian pacifists…

Page 5

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



For Sikhs, peace is a gift of God, who is called a `haven of peace'.
Sikhs pray for the welfare of others and believe in the principle of non-violence.
Guru Nanak taught that if someone should hurt…

Page 6

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



In ancient times people believed God was on their side and had called them to fight his enemies.
Holy wars have religious aims or goals. They are authorised by God or by a religious leader. Those
who…

Page 7

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



Example of Mahatma Gandhi and his commitment to non-violence (ahimsa). He believed that the
force of truth (Satyagraha) could be used to fight causes.
He saw humanity as one, not divided by politics, race, religion etc.
In…

Page 8

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



Cities destroyed, homes lost, families and friends separated and children are orphaned.
Trying to restore law and order is difficult when some people may want revenge on old enemies.
Some people become refugees, (people who flee from…

Page 9

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace




Religious believers who have worked for peace

The Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso ­ born in 1935 in Tibet. He was enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama (the Buddhist
spiritual leader of the Tibetan people) in 1950 in…

Page 10

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Exam date: Tuesday 17th May 2011 @ 13:30
Topic: Religion, War & Peace



In 1943, Irena was arrested by Nazi secret police, severely tortured & sentenced to death. The
resistance saved her by bribing German guards. She was left unconscious in the woods, with
broken legs & arms, & was…

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