AQA Geography A2 Conflict and Separatism


israeli palestinian middle east


the balkans


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  • Created on: 31-05-12 14:59
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Chris Lee Geography
Key Terms
Challenge - A task or issue that is perceived as being provocative or
threatening to debate. The issues that arise from challenges often cause
alternative view to be expressed usually in a peaceful manner but some
issues may be extreme or polarised
Conflict- A state of disagreement caused by the perceived or actual
opposition of needs, values an interests between people. Geographically it
is often about opposing views about the ways in which a resource may be
developed or used. The result is negative tension between parties
involved. Can result in war, harsh words or armed conflict. Ongoing state
of hostility between two or more groups of people
Causes of Conflict
Identity- Identity is a sense of belonging to a group or geographical area
where there is the same generic character. Examples are Ethnicity,
language and religion
Nationalism - Loyalty and devotion to a nation
Regionalism - Loyalty and devotion to a distinct region that share
Localism - An affection for a particular place rarely political
Ethnicity - The group of people according to their ethnic origins or
characteristics. National, tribal, religious, linguistic or cultural origins or
Culture - Culture is the customary beliefs, social norms and traits of racial
religious or social groups and the set of shared attitudes and values they
Territory - A geographical area under the jurisdiction of a governmental
authority. This area will have some autonomy. Conflict can occur over
who has authority over the area.
Patterns of Conflict
Types of Conflict.
International- Involves the participation of more than one country. Gaza
strip, Afghanistan
National - Conflict that takes place within a country.
Regional - Conflict that takes place within an area of one country or
across the borders of one or more countries. North South Divide England.
Local - conflict is restricted to a small part of one region of a country.
Tattershall Tesco
Expression of Conflict
Non violent - Conflict of this nature does not involve force or armed
struggle. Points are made by word signs marching and silent protests.
Political Activity - Groups within a country who seek to acquire and exert
political power through government. Groups called parties have a certain

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Chris Lee Geography
ideology and agenda to win elective office. Often involves debate for laws
for example the house of commons.
Terrorism - The systematic use of fear among the public as a way of
trying to force the authorities into action for a political or ideological end.
International terrorism has become increasingly more frequent in recent
War - Declaring armed conflict between states or nations
Israeli Palestinian conflict in the Middle East.
Israeli Palestinian conflict in the Middle East.…read more

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Chris Lee Geography
Many Jews migrated in the early 20th century to start and set up
new lives for themselves, often escaping persecution in Russia and
Mass migration occurred after the Second World War due to the
1/5 of Israel population are Arabs, they are descendents of the
Palestinians who remained in the country at its creation.…read more

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The Palestinians feel the barrier restricts their land cutting through
their villages.
To try and create a better atmosphere some of the Palestinians
have been released.
The Gaza Strip
The Gaza strip is one of the occupied territories of the southwest of
Israel; it occupied 363km2 northeast of the Sinai Peninsula.
The official population is more than 1 million people, but the actual
population is larger.…read more

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Chris Lee Geography
The Balkans
Why were the Balkan States important?
It allowed passage between Europe and the Middle East; this allowed
countries to be linked for purposes such as trade.
Why were they involved?
Russia Austria Turkish ottoman empireBalkan States
Wanted to assist Wanted to stop the The Turkish Ottoman Were under Turkish
European areas under expansion of Russian Empire had control of Ottoman control.
Turkish rule to gain power in the Balkans. the Balkan states
independence. From as early as 1796.…read more

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·They attacked Turkey and within weeks the Ottoman Empire was in
trouble.…read more

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Those people who want independence for Scotland have an economic
argument, an accountability argument and a cultural argument.
The economic argument used to be that Scotland should own the oil from
the wells off its shores and should enjoy the profits from its `own'
resources. However, the profits that might come to an independent
Scotland from oil revenues would be more or less balanced by the loss of
money that flows into the country from the UK to pay for general
services.…read more


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