AQA Geog - Case Studies for Population

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  • Created on: 27-11-12 12:15
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CASE STUDIES ­ AS LEVEL HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
KERELA ­ FERTILITY RATES AND GOV. INCENTIVES
UK ­
FERTILITY
AND
VARIATIONS WITHIN A COUNTRY
General data
The birth rate has climbed to its highest point in 13 years to an average of 1.8
children for every woman in England and Wales, the Office for National
Statistics said yesterday.
One in five women never has children.
More people die because of hospital superbugs than road accidents.
1 per cent of people share nearly a quarter of the wealth.
All-time low 1.63 children per woman in 2001
The current TFR is significantly below the level needed for replacement -
which is more than two.
100,000 English children have a teenage mother
2005 shows the average age of which women are having children is 29.5
years.
2004 shows an all-time low for infant mortality rates.
The numbers of births outside marriage continued to rise in 2005 - to 42.8%
from 42.2% the year before.
The average age of a pregnant woman is just under 30 years old
The fertility rate is 20 per cent higher in the West Midlands than in Scotland
There are three abortions for every 10 births ·Roughly three-fifths of
marriages are the first marriage for both parties
The numbers of deaths continued to fall and have hit the lowest levels for 50
years. In 2005 there were 512, 993 deaths in England and Wales - the lowest
number in one year since 1954, when 501,896 were registered.
Deaths among men have fallen sharply - by a quarter - over the last 10 years.

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CASE STUDIES ­ AS LEVEL HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
In 2004 the UK fertility rate was 1.77 children per woman, considerably
lower than the 1960s peak of 2.95 children, although up on the 1.63 record
low in 2001.…read more

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CASE STUDIES ­ AS LEVEL HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
Possible reasons for any rise in TFR
Earlier Labour government possibly to have an impact on the rise of TFR
with the introduction of family friendly policies and childcare policies.
Migrant families are traditionally of a large size
Variations within the UK
TFR highest in West Midlands, with average 1.91 children per woman.
Women in the northeast appear to be having the fewest children, with a
birth rate of 1.74.…read more

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CASE STUDIES ­ AS LEVEL HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
Childcare costs from virtually nothing to around 500 a month for the most
well off. Nursery school from 8.30am to 4.30pm is free for every child from
the age of three.…read more

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