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What you need to do to get the top grades
Address the key words in the question (use them to write your 1-2 sentence intro)
Style Points
Do not use a lot, instead you an abundance of...or a plethora of (only when there is to much)
Do not use features of spoken English e.g. don't won't (use the full versions will not, do not)
Use more sophisticated language e.g.…read more

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Thomas hardy was a VICTORIAN REALIST focusing on the real issues of the time in his stories
using vivid imagery (as he was a descriptive writer)
Contextual Issues
Women were of a lower status and had a lower power than men
Waggons were still being driven
The Industrial Revolution had just begun
Women were expected to look pretty and look after the family (why
in the stories they are constantly obsessed with the way they look,
asking how they look and doing their hair)
People…read more

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Melancholy Hussar ­ isolation of the environment, marriage proposals are few because of this,
the isolation also represents her vulnerability
Withered Arm ­ small size of the community means the Rhoda and Gertrude will meet and
speculation as to what could have caused Gertrude's affliction quickly lead to Rhoda
Distracted Preacher ­ the isolation of the environment leads the smugglers to use it to the best of
their abilities
Distracted Preacher ­ more feminist take on women in society of the time, uncommon
Tony…read more

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The Withered Arm
The narrator follows Rhoda, leading the reader to feel sorry for her and sympathise with her
sense of abandonment
We are also led to sympathise with Gertrude and she is sweet and innocent compared to Rhoda
Pathetic Fallacy is used when Gertrude and Rhoda are going to see Conjuror Trendle, the clouds draw in, the wind
howls and it gets darker
Hardy makes the story ambiguous by not telling us what Gertrude sees when she is with Conjuror Trendle
The juxtaposition of…read more

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Thick clouds made the atmosphere dark"
Use of nature to develop mood
"Rectangular animals" symbolises the dull monotonous countryside
"If it had not been for you, this terrible ordeal would have saved me"
when referring to the arm
Use in imagery to develop character
"Like the light under a heap of rose petals" Gertrude
"As realistic as a photograph" shows jealousy between the women
Description of: THE YOUNG WIFE (so it can be told to Rhoda)
Use of heavy description to develop theme…read more

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The Melancholy Hussar of a German Legion
The story is retrospective, as Phyliss told someone the story we know that no matter how
tense the situation gets, nothing is going to happen to her, as she lived to tell the tale
The story also has a cyclical structure; she starts lonely with all of her decisions being made
for her, and ends up like that
Phyllis leads a lonely isolated life.…read more

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Evidence Their actions What this reveals about society
Men (of power) were deceitful P She always follows her Women were expected to
and decided what they wanted h fathers demands behave as they were told, with
Dece and from whom (Humphrey leads y She gets pushed to the no say over themselves.…read more

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More than once she said with misgiving that she "She was left with no control over anything that has been
wondered she ought to have indulged in the freak" her husbands"
"Sam if I could, I would marry you some day" "She wasted hours braiding her beautiful hair"
"She had, something to live for in addition to her son" "She soon lost the little artificial tastes she has acquired
for him"
Even though we would presume Sam would have the same status as Randolph (as…read more

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Absent Mindedness in a Parish Choir
Hardy's shorter stories are usually more humorous
The narrator in the story is 1st person which makes the story more friendly and relatable, as
it is like a friend is retelling you a funny story (it is an anecdote)
The 1st person narrator also shows a lower class and usually helps the story more humerous
Although the characters are not fully developed (due to the short nature of the story), we are give clear short burst of
what they…read more


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