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AQA B Psychology Approaches in Psychology and Biopsychology

Behaviourist
All behaviour is learnt from experiences a person has in their environment
We are born a blank slate for experiences to write on
Psychology should be scientific and objective so the only logically material to study is
behaviour
It is valid…

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Prediction of behaviour Neglects mental processes and emotions
Therapies have been developed Suggests there is no free will
Comparisons:
Scientific like cognitive, unlike humanistic and psychodynamic
Supports nurture whereas biological supports nature



Social learning theory
We learn by observation
Mental or cognitive processes are essential for learning to take place…

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STUDY: Murdock- separate STM and LTM. Read a list of word to participants and then
asked them to recall the words in any order. Primacy-recency effect more likey to
remember words at the start (LTM) and words at the end (STM).
STUDY: Clive wearing- virus attacked hippocampus and after he…

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Genital puberty- deaths The genitals Cocky, self-centred,
unreliable
Oedipus complex- boys 3 years- lust for mum, hatred towards dad, fear of father
castrating him (castration anxiety)
Electra complex- Girl 3 years- lust for father, jealous of mother, they believe there mother
has castrated them, they want a penis (penis envy),…

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The need of personal growth is present throughout a person's life
3 preconditions for someone to self-actualise: absence of restraints, no or little distraction
from deficiency needs, good knowledge of yourself
STUDY: Langer and Rodin- 65-90 year olds where given and questionnaire. After they had
completed the questionnaire one group…

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Post mortem Brain is examined Can link problems in Difficult to find cause
after death life with any damage and effect
in the brain
EEG Put a cap on which Allows natural Crude measurements
shows us what parts measurements of of brain activity can
of the brains work brain activity…

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Division What it does
Nervous system Network of millions of neurons in the human
body
Peripheral nervous system Transmits information between central
nervous system and body
Central nervous system Nerves contained in the brain and spinal cord
Somatic nervous system Information to and from senses and muscles
Autonomic nervous system…

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Fight or flight:

Sympathetic system(fight or flight) Parasympathetic (rest and digest)
Blood to muscle Less blood to muscles
Adrenaline released Less adrenaline released
Breathing rapidly Breathing slows
Heart rate increases Heart rate decreases
Pupils dilate Pupils constrict
Increase activity in sweat gland Decrease activity in sweat gland
Hairs stand on…

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Limbic system Sits around the central core Controls emotions and has
a key role in memory
because it contains the
hippocampus
Cerebrum Outermost layer known as the Sensory systems sends
cerebral cortex messages to and from this




A bundle of fibres hold them together- the corpus callosum. This allows communication…

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Broca's area: One of Broca's first patients was nicknamed `tan' because of his inability to
speak any other words clearly apart from tan. An area of the left frontal lobe called Broca's
area is responsible for the function of speech. Damage to the Broca's area causes a
particular type of…

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Incredibly helpful! Thank-you so much! 

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