Approaches - Psychodynamic - Eric Ericksen - Psychosocial Theory of Development

Eric Ericksen's psychosocial theory of development - psychodynamic approach

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Eric Ericksen ­ Psychosocial Theory of Development
Psychosocial ­ psychological development occurs through an interaction between the biological
needs of the individual and the social forces encountered during the course of daily life
Theory covers the whole life-span
8 psychosocial stages
Each stage requires a different level of social interaction: conflict arises at each stage leading
to crisis
This can alter the course of personality development either favourably or unfavourably
Examples of Ericksen's crises:
1. During the first year of life the crisis is trust versus mistrust
a. Child well cared for/safe develops trust
b. Child neglected/unloved develops mistrust
2. In adolescence the crisis is identity versus role confusion (the identity crisis)
Ego strength
Psychologically healthy individuals resolve the crises arising at each stage and grow in ego
Differences between Freud and Ericksen:
Ericksen focuses on relationships whereas Freud focuses on the unconscious effect of the sex
Ericksen focuses on what can strengthen or weaken the ego whereas Freud is more
interested in the conflicts the ego has to resolve between the id and superego
Ericksen's approach is more positive and optimistic whilst Freud's approach is centred around
Age Psychological Description Ego strength Important
crises relationship
0-1 Trust vs. mistrust Learns to feel Hope Maternal person
comfortable and

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