anabaptists

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Anabaptists
Origins and ideas:
C a me i
n t
he 15 2 0's
a s a
numb er of
"proph ets "
i
n
G er
ma ny,
S wit
zerlan d
a nd t
he N et her l
an ds e me rg e d.
D idn 't
r
e all
y ha ve any ag reei
ng b el
ief
s so in 1 52 7,
several
south Ge rma n
a n d
S w iss
gr o u p s me t i
n
the Sch l
eit
he i
m C on f
es si
on and dr
ew
u p
th eir
b e l
iefs:
1. T hey re jec ted c hild
bap t
ism
2. A nyon e w h o
c o mmi tt
e d
a sin was ba nn ed
or
exco mmu ni
ca t
e d.
3. H oly
c o mmu n i
o n sho ul
d be ma de av ailab le
to
a nyone who ha d
b een ba p t i
sed
4. T hey sh ou l
d n't pa r
ti
cipate i
n
any si
n f
ul t
h ings (separat
ion
from t he
a bomi n a t
i on )
5. O nly
a c k n owle d ged t
h ei
r
c hurch pas tors.
6. R enou n ce d
vi o l
en ce and
mi li
tary
se rvi
c e
7. R efuse d
to sw e ar
oaths
to
e i
ther
civ i
l
o r
re l
igi
ou s
authori
ti
es.
S everal lea der s
of
g ro u ps me ant
there
w e r
e
seve r
al i
n terpret
ati
o ns
of
the
b eli
efs.
The development and success:
T he Sw is s
B re t
hren :
C h allen g ed
Z w i
n gl
i,
p u bli
cly
quar r
e l
led
w i
th him, t
he y
l
o st
.
Th e
leade rs
w ere ki
lle d, an d
ma n y
h ad
t o
ru n
a way to hi
de.
T he Zw ic kau P r
o phe ts :
F o r
e tol
d
the e n d of
th e
w orl
d,
led
b y
Tho ma s Mu nt
zer,
they
start
ed a
r ebel
li
on wh i
ch
w as
d ef ea t
e d by t
h e
pri
n ces and le f
t 5,0 00 peasants
dead .
Mo r
avia n s:
S u rvive d due
t o p rote cti
o n f
rom Mo r
a vi
an n ob i
li
t y,
establ
ished 20,
0 0 0
A nab ap t
ists
in r
e f
ug e e s ett
l e me nts
by t
h e 1530's
Ma na ge d t
o re b ap t
is e 6 ,
000
adu l
ts
D utch A n ab ap ti
sts:
L e d
b y Me l
ch io r
H of
f ma n,
call
ed upon peo ple
to j
oin
them, pr
e di
cted
th e
w orl
d
w o uld
en d i
n 15 33 .
th a t
fail
ed di
dn 't
i
t!
A nab ap t
ists
in Mu nst e r
L e d
b y P hi
li
p
o f
H ess e ,
J an Matthys and Ja n Bo ckelst
on. Pr
o t
estant s
o ri
ginal
l y t
o ok co nt
ro l of
the cit
y ,
Anab aptist
s t
oo k
ov er,
tol
d everyone
to be
r eba pt
is ed or
l
eave .

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J an
thought
he was
k i
ng of
t
he world
(id i
ot),
introd uced
polygamy s o ha d
15 wives,
thi
ngs
g ot
out
of
h and,
so
the
B i
sh op l
a i
d sie ge on
Mu nst
er
for 16 mo nt
hs un t
i
l
C at
holi
c and
L ut
heran f
orces r
e claime d t he
cit
y.…read more

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