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Electoral Systems

First-Past-The-Post
A form of pluralist democracy
Whoever with the most votes wins the election e.g. if Labour poll at 23,500 votes and
Conservatives poll at 15,000, Labour wins the seat.
The United Kingdom has used this system since 1950. It is also used in the United States.
Pros…

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Cons
Complicated for the voter, possibly leading to more spoiled ballots.
Long polling time.
Could theoretically conflict with the idea of "One man, one vote".
Potentially costs more.
Electronic ballot counting of the system could lead to voter fraud.
Not entirely proportional.

Alternate Vote Plus
Semi-proportional representative system.
A voter…

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The voter votes for their most preferred candidate (not a party), and after that candidate
either wins or loses his/her seat, surplus or unused votes are re-allotted in accordance with
the voter's stated preferences (as like in the above Alternative Vote).
Currently used for the lower house of Australian parliament,…

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The degradation of links between the constituency and MP.
No majority winner.
Coalitions likely.

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