Slides in this set
· A majoritarian electoral system is one
which is based on a "winner take all"
· This is in contrast to the proportional
representation (PR) family of electoral
systems, which split the mandates in
rough proportion with votes gained by
each party.…read more
In the UK, we use a majoritarian system.
· This is known as First Past The Post
· It is also sometimes referred to as a
· A Plurality system is based on Single
Member Constituencies…read more
Single Member Constituencies (SMP)
· Single Member Constituencies (SMC) are often used
in majoritarian systems.
· In SMC only one member can win each
constituency, which therefore means the number
of votes won nationally does not equal the number
of seats in the parliament.
· EXAMPLE: A party which wins 50% + 1 of the vote
in all constituencies will win 100% of seats, but only
50% +1 of votes.…read more
VARIATIONS OF THE
· 1 BLOCK VOTE (BV)
- Voters vote in multi-mandate constituencies for
as many candidates as there are seats to be filled.
- The candidates with the most votes win
· 2 PARTY BLOCK VOTE (PBV)
- Parties nominate a "block" of candidates for each
- Voters vote for the party, not individual
candidates, and the party which wins the most votes
wins all the mandates in the constituency.…read more