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WMM Baddely and Hitch proposed the Working model of Memory in +it's more plausible than the MSM because it explains STM in terms of both
1974. Their model focuses on 3 rehearsal loops rather than temporary storage and active processing.
+ It attempts to explain how memory actually functions. Evidence has shown that
ARTICULATORY LOOP- replays info repeatedly like rehearsal in the phonological loop plays a key role in reading and is not operative in some
your mind so it's remembered. Baddely said we could hold who suffer with dyslexia.
around the same amount of info as what we can say in around
2 seconds which is quite limited. + Very influential model that psychologists use in preference to the STM.
VISUO- SPATIAL SCRATCH PAD- we use it to hold visual data. + Patients like KF could remember visual but not verbal stimuli in STM so there
must be at least 2 systems in STM.
PRIMARY ACOUSTIC STORE- holds the info in the form of sound
which has been sent from the articulatory loop. -The least is known about the central executive which happens to be the main
part of the model. It's very vague so any experimental research can be
CENTRAL EXECUTIVE- is like the control centre. It can work withmanipulated to so that it supports it.
any form of info. It attends to incoming info and directs it to
the appropriate loops for further processing. The central -The WMM fails to show how practice time affects memory.
executive also handles info from the LTM. The incoming info
-It only focuses on STM so can't really be called a comprehensive model of
can be old or new
-The capacity of the central executive has never been measured
LOP Another way to look at memory is to look at it as learning. + HYDE AND JENKINS= found recall of 24 words presented auditorily was
Craik and Lockhart believe that what we do with the significantly better if processed semantically than words processed superficially.
information that causes us to remember it. Shallow processing
looks at the structure of the information. Deeper processing + CRAIK AND TULVING= participants were asked to look at words in different
ways e.g. does this word have capital letters from start to finish? Does this word
rhyme with door? Etc. The participants were then asked to remember the words
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Deepest processing they were being tested on. They found that the deeper the processing the
looks at the meaning of the information. longer and better it was remembered
-Its far too simplistic. Even Craik and Lockhart admit that its simplistic. They later
amended it to show elaboration organisation and distinctiveness also played
-It's a tautological argument.…read more