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Slide 1

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Original aims: abolish
slavery and gain equality
under the law, right to vote
and freedom.
Black power became a new idea- After the emancipation: no
black superiority. Educational longer enslaved so it became
opportunities were limited the following- employment
throughout. Some aims changed as opportunities, educational
things changed. The south was equality, and economic
opposed to black freedom. stability.
To what extent did the aims
of the campaigners for
CONCLUSION African American civil rights
remain the same in the
period from 1865-1992?
Discrimination was an aim
throughout the period as Other aims include:
employment always was a desegregation, voting rights
problem. Political and legal rights (continued), political status
remained as part of the campaign. and property rights.
Leaders harked back to others.
Aims remaining in 1992:
desegregation in schools, economic
stability- housing, employment Aims developed and legality
(discrimination), equal standing in
politics and law, and stop racial became an important issue
since reforms weren't enforced-
de facto.…read more

Slide 2

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Key Figures
1865-77: Thaddeus Stevens was a radical 1941-65: MLK believed in peaceful
supporter of reconstruction. protest and supported Bus Boycott,
1877-1915: Ida B Wells opposed lynching freedom rides, sit-ins. He was
(effective C.R. Campaigner. Black president of SCLC. CORE came about.
Americans accepted their position Thurgood Marshall was an important
and worked to strengthen their lawyer particularly the Linda Brown
community (Harlem Renaissance); case. Eisenhower intervened in Little
good solid education. Less focus on Rock incident. Malcolm X proposed
segregation issue. Du Bois- NAACP, black superiority- new idea.
believed Washington's approach was 1965-92: MLK changed view with failing
flawed. Niagara mvt- before the campaign. Black Panthers. Nixon-
above organisation. Similar aims but affirmative action (welfare benefits).
different approaches. Jesse Jackson- voting rights.
1915-41: Marcus Garvey- economic
progress, white acceptance and
independence (UNIA). KKK.…read more

Slide 3

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Intro: Feds importance
(+ve/-ve), introduce other
important factors (groups
like NAACP and leaders, and
Para 1: How did the gov help
Conclusion: Compare all
advance the cause
factors and wrap it up to see
(amendments, cases)? How did
if the feds were more
they hinder the cause (racist
presidents)? Conclusion?
Assess the importance of
the Federal government in
the advancement of A.A civil
rights in the period of 1865-
Para 4: War- became more
Para 2: Groups- help/hinder
respected but were
(SCLC/KKK + Panthers).
segregated while fighting.
Conclude their impact.
Conclude impact.
Para 3: People
helped/hindered; MLK, Rosa
Parks/ X, white activists.
Come to small conclusion.…read more

Slide 4

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"The Civil Rights of A.A.s improved but their social and
economic position deteriorated". Assess the view for the
period from 1865-1992
Social- work, housing, education, the vote, collective position.
Economic - wages ; leading to issues such as bifurcation, expendable income.
Improvements Setbacks
P1- Emancipation (s + e) P2- Segregation (s + e)
P3- Collective position and development of P4- Negative impact of Black Panthers and
the NAACP (s) Malcolm X (s)
P5- Expression of leaders such Garvey, P6- Failures of Du Bois and others (s)
Washington and MLK P8- Took until 1960s for this kind of action (s)
P7-Education- Linda Brown, Little Rock and P10- Depression- A.A.s rejected by Presidents
Bussing like Reagan.
P9- New Deal and welfare and wages- Nixon's P12- Still ghettoisation for some and
Affirmative Action (e) bifurcation- class system in A.A society.
P11- Better position for many (vote had been
achieved in 1965) and the civil rights had
been implemented to stop discrimination.
Conclusion- improvements didn't apply to everyone and once rights had been gained presidents
left them on the back burner.…read more


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