Slides in this set
What are Tribunals?
· Deal with disputes between the citizen and the
state e.g. social security, tax etc.
· Hear over 1 million cases per year 6x as many as
the civil courts.
· Decisions are binding must be followed.
· Tribunals are made up of a legally qualified
chairperson, judge and 2 lay experts. Lay experts
may broadly sympathise to each side but they are
neutral e.g. an employment tribunal may have an
ex union member and an ex boss.…read more
Deal with areas they specialise in e.g.
Employment tribunals deal with disputes
employees and employers such as an unfair
dismissal. 75% of cases heard within 26
weeks, only 4% are appealed: ADVANTAGE.
· Heard by that tribunal, not in court.
· Have their own jurisdiction.…read more
· First tier tribunal and Upper tribunal. The
upper tribunal is primarily for appeals from
the first tier.
· First tier has 4 chambers at present:
· Social Entitlement Chamber
· Health, Education and Social Care Chamber
· War Pensions and Armed Forces
· Tax Chamber…read more
Upper tribunal currently has 3 chambers:
· Administrative Chamber
· Finance and Tax
· Each chamber is headed by a president and
the tribunals judiciary is headed by a Senior
President of Tribunals.…read more
Advantages of Tribunals
· Flexibility: don't look at past decisions, no
strict rules of precedent, only look at that case
with fresh eyes.
· Informality: strict rules of precedent not
applied, no wigs.
· Privacy: private, media does not find out, your
circumstances are not known by the public.
· Specialisation: depth of knowledge in are