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A Summary by Bethan Reeves 6OS 19/03/11

This study is a laboratory experiment investigating the effects of observing aggression carried out by
Albert Bandura who is best known for his role in the development of the Social Learning Theory (SLT). The
social learning approach has origins from operant and classical…

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A Summary by Bethan Reeves 6OS 19/03/11

Stage One
Children were brought into the experiment room by the experimenter, and the model, who was in the hallway outside the room, was invited to come in and
join the game. The room was set up for play and activities were chosen…

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A Summary by Bethan Reeves 6OS 19/03/11

Response Measures
Three different measures of imitation were recorded-observers looked for responses which matched or were similar to the behaviour of the model. These
1. Imitation of physical aggression (for example, punching the doll in the nose);
2. Imitative verbal aggression (for…

Page 4

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A Summary by Bethan Reeves 6OS 19/03/11

Bandura recorded that aggression displayed by the female model confused the children somewhat; it perhaps did not suit their prior social understandings
and expectations. For example, some children commented on her behaviour: "Who is that lady? That's not the way for a lady…

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A Summary by Bethan Reeves 6OS 19/03/11

Evaluation of Procedure
Strengths Weaknesses
Experiments are the only way in which cause and effect can be established. Low ecological validity. Only having one child and one adult model at any one
It could therefore be demonstrated that the model did have an…

Page 6

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A Summary by Bethan Reeves 6OS 19/03/11

We can also recognise that physical punishment is, ironically, likely to increase aggressive behaviour than eliminate the bad behaviour as desired.
The major criticism of the Social Learning Approach is that it only looks at complex behaviour and not at simple things such…


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