Loftus and Palmer
To study the effect of leading questions on memory
To provide support for a cognitive explanation of autism by proving that adults with autism lack an advanced theory of mind
To study language aquisition in two pygmy chimpanzees (Kanzi and Mulika) and two common chimpanzees (Sherman and Austin).
To describe the first time a non human species aquires a symbol without specific training towards that goal
To investigate into the mechanisms of the social learning theory and to see if behaviour (aggression) learnt in one setting can be transmitted to a different setting.
To test Freud's theory of the oedipus complex and to provide an explanation for how phobias develop
Samuel and Bryant
To challenge Piaget's findings on conservation in children by altering the method he used.
Dement and Kleitman
To determine the relationship between eye movement and dreaming
To study the functions of the two separated and independent hemispheres in the brain
To study the effects of extreme spatial navigational experience on the volume of the hippocampus
Thigpen and Cleckley
To document a case study of an individual suffering from Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD)
To see if sane people can be misdiagnosed as insane. To test the validity of the DSM4
To examine the factors and variables involved in cognition and the gambling process
To study the variables which cause or inhibit helping behaviour
Reicher and Haslam
To analyse the conditions which lead individuals to identify with their group and accept or challenge intergroup qualities
To study the effects of the presence of an authority figure on obedience of the participants when asked to administer electric shocks.