A2 Sociology AQA Spec - Crime and deviance (Crime Concepts)

Crime Concepts

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CRIME CONCEPTS
ANOMIE TERM FIRST USED BY
DURKHEIM, REFERS TO A
BREAKDOWN OF
NORMS/RULES.
CRIME ACTIVITIES THAT BREAK
THE LAW OF THE LAND &
SUBJECT TO PUNISHMENT
SOCIAL BOND BASED ON CONTROL
THEORY, FORMS OF SOCIAL
CONTROL PREVENTING
PEOPLE ACTING IN A
DEVIANT WAY.
UNDERCLASS TERMS USED BY MURRAY
USED TO DESCRIBE A
DISTINCTIVE CLASS
DEPENDENT ON THE STATE
ACTUARIALISM REFERS TO THE DIVISION OF
PEOPLE INTO POTENTIALLY
DEVIANT GROUPS, AND
CONTROLLING THEM ON
THIS BASIS.
CANTEEN CULTURE A TERM WHICH REFERS TO
THE OCCUPATIONAL
CULTURE DEVELOPED BY
THE POLICE
FORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL OFFICIAL WAYS OF
ENFORCING CONFORMITY,
E.G. POLICE/COURTS.
INFORMAL SOCIAL CULTURAL WAYS OF
CONTROL ENFORCING CONFORMITY,
SUCH AS GOSSIP, FAMILY,
PEER GROUP.
OFFENDING RATES STATISTICS REFERRING TO
HAOW MANY CRIMES ARE
COMMITTED, AND BY
WHOM.

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EDGEWORK REFERS TO THRILLBASED
ACTIVITIES, FOCUSED ON
YOUNG MALES, MAY RESULT
IN PHYSICAL OR
EMOTIONAL
HARM.(STEALING/DRUGS)
ETHNOGRAPHIC FORM OF RESEARCH WHERE
THE RESEARCHER LIVES
AMONGST OR IS CLOSE TO A
GROUP OF PEOPLE.
STATUS FRUSTRATION THIS OCCURS WHEN YOUNG
MEN FEEL THEY ARE
LOOKED DOWN UPON BY
SOCIETY.
SUBCULTURE DISTINCTIVE SUBGROUP
WITH ITS OWN SET OF
VALUES, USUALLY OPPOSES
MAINSTREAM CULTURE
HEGEMONY THE IDEAS AND VALUES OF
THE RULING CLASS THAT
DOMINATE THINKING IN
SOCIETY.…read more

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FROM , AND JUSTIFIED BY,
FAMILY AND FRIENDS
TIPPING THE PROCESS BY WHICH AN
AREA MOVES FROM BEING
LAWABIDING TO
ANTISOCIAL
ZONE OF TRANSITION THE LEAST DESIRABLE AREA
OF A CITY, WITH A HIGH
TURNOVER OF IMMIGRANT
POPULATIONS
DRIFT TERM USED BY MATZA TO
DESCRIBE A STATE WHERE
YOUNG MEN ARE UNSURE
EXACTLY WHO THEY ARE
OR WHERE THEIR PLACE IN
SOCIETY IS.
VICARIOUS IDENTIFICATION WHEN PEOPLE OBTAIN A
THRILL BY LIVING THROUGH
THE LIVES OF OTHERS
CORPORATE CRIME CRIMES COMMITTED BY
COMPANIES.…read more

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ALTRUISTIC SUICIDE REFERS TO PEOPLE
SACRIFICING THEIR LIVES
FOR THE GOOD OF THE
GROUP…read more

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