A2 OCR History- Civil Rights in the USA (Native Americans) 1865-1992

This is a comprehensive guide for the OCR History F966/02 specification on the unit 'Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992'. This section is on Native Americans.  

This guide includes:

  • A timeline
  • A detailed overview of the 4 key periods (1865-1900, 1901-1945, 1946-1969, 1970-1992) 
  • A list of exam questions both from past papers and the official OCR book 
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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Native Americans timeline from 1862-1992


1862-1900

1862- Homesteads Act

1864- Sand Creek Massacre

1865-69- Union Pacific Railway

1868- Creation of the Great Sioux Reserve

1871- Indian Appropriations Act

1876- Battle of the Little Bighorn

1890- Massacre at the Wounded Knee…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




1968- Indian Civil Rights Act

1968- Affirmative Action begins

1968- A fish-in is staged in the State of Washington

1969- Nixon appoints Louis R Bruce Jnr as Commissioner for Indian Affairs and pledges to return back lost land to Indians…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Many tribes like the Sioux and Cheyenne were hostile to these white encroachers during the Civil
War, especially during the Plains Wars 1862-7. However, as noted by the brutality of the Army in
the 1864 Sand Creek Massacre, traditional NA's…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Education was also key in `Americanising' the NA's. Children were taught English, though this was
limited as many teachers were frustrated at conditions and the language barrier. The establishment
of vocational schools in the 1870s did provide trades for boys…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




In 1911, the Society for American Indians was founded which campaigned for better education and
healthcare. Due to insufficient funds and internal division on matters of assimilation vs
self-determination meant that it quickly collapsed in the 1920s.
More then 100k…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




However, it was limited as although Congress passed it in 1934 , it was modified so that funding
was limited and short-term, preventing land from being bought back for tribes from white settlers,
limiting self-determination to economic matters which meant…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




Vocational Training Act 1956 which lured young NA's away from reservations by giving them
employment opportunities and financial support.
By 1968 however, it was apparent that the policy did little to benefit NA's. They had the highest
rates of illiteracy…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




they stayed, retained their culture and way of life. Coinciding with poverty, illiteracy and
discrimination, many took up a more militant approach in an attempt to reclaim what rightfully
belonged to NA's coming especially from the youth. By 1968, it…

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A2 OCR History Civil Rights in the USA 1865-1992 F966/02




believed that AIM didn't represent the best interests of the NA's, erupting into divisions within the
movement. By the late 1970s, the SC was the last place from which to exert lost rights.

The National American Rights Fund was founded…

Comments

DanielBrewster

These are great resources, just need the last African American one if you can get that done and uploaded soon that would be great

TiahHug

Amazing this has helped my revision so much thankyou for this 

Sydderrrss

bril

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