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Self determinism

On this view a person's acts are caused by himself. Self determinists accept the fact that such factors as
heredity and environment often influence one's behavior. However, they deny that such factors are the
determining causes of one's behavior. Inanimate objects do not change without an outside cause,…

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The first statement is a necessary truth because denying it, as with the second
statement, results in a contradiction. Cats are, by definition, mammals - so saying
that they are reptiles is a contradiction. The third statement is a contingent truth
becuase it is possible that cats could have evolved…

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Categorical imperative, Transcendental
Notable ideas Idealism, Synthetic a priori, Noumenon, Sapere
aude, Nebular hypothesis



Immanuel Kant (IPA: [manul kant] 22 April 1724 ­ 12 February 1804) was an
18thcentury German philosopher from the Prussian city of Königsberg (now Kaliningrad,
Russia). He is regarded as one of…

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1 Biography
o 1.1 The Young Scholar
o 1.2 The Silent Decade
o 1.3 Kant's later work
o 1.4 Kant the man
2 Kant's philosophy
o 2.1 Kant's theory of perception
o 2.2 Kant's Categories of the Faculty of Understanding
o 2.3 Kant's Schema
o 2.4 Moral philosophy
2.4.1 The…

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[edit] The Young Scholar
Kant showed great application to study early in his life. He was first sent to Collegium
Fredericianum and then enrolled in the University of Königsberg in 1740, at the age of 16.[6]
He studied the philosophy of Leibniz and Wolff under Martin Knutsen, a rationalist who…

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reflected from various parts of the object in a way that maps the surface features (color,
texture, etc.) of the object. The light reaches the eye of a human observer, passes through
the cornea, is focused by the lens upon the retina where it forms an image similar to that…

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my case to be spun to any length. My great thanks, to my wellwishers and friends, who
think so kindly of me as to undertake my welfare, but at the same time a most humble
request to protect me in my current condition from any disturbance."[8]
When Kant emerged from…

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transformed the Kantian position into increasingly radical forms of idealism. The progressive
stages of revision of Kant's teachings marked the emergence of German Idealism. Kant
opposed these developments and publicly denounced Fichte in an open letter[12] in 1799. It
was one of his final philosophical acts. Kant's health, long poor,…

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All the preparations of reason, therefore, in what may be called pure
" philosophy, are in reality directed to those three problems only [God, the soul,
and freedom]. However, these three elements in themselves still hold
independent, proportional, objective weight individually. Moreover, in a
collective relational context namely, to…

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through oneself as well as others ­ as an end in itself rather than (merely) as means to other
ends the individual might hold.
These ideas have largely framed or influenced all subsequent philosophical discussion and
analysis. The specifics of Kant's account generated immediate and lasting controversy.
Nevertheless, his theses…


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