Sociology-Youth

Complete Youth Revision for the second sociology paper.

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Youth
    • Childhood
      • Between infancy and adolescence
      • Disappearance of childhood
        • Innocent age is being eroded
        • Neil Postman (1983) Adult messages in media
          • Tweenagers. Make up etc
      • Loss of innocence
        • Children grow up fast and become aware of adult issues early
      • Construction
        • Biological stage
          • Hormonal changes at puberty
            • Changes in attitudes and behaviour
            • Being irritable and unsure of themselves
        • Social construction
          • Philippe Aries (1962)-childhood invented in middle ages. before-mine adults
          • The law-rights and responsibilities of young people differ in different societies
          • Social norms-customs vary e.g age to marry
          • Emotional/ behavioural norms
            • Margret Mead (1927) Samoan young people do not have this turmoil
    • Transition
      • Allows a young person to leave behind childhood ideas
      • Experiment with adult roles
      • Rites of passage
        • Debutantes
          • English upper class girls.Rich Americans-balls etc
        • Suri life
          • Suri boys become Rora- have to complete tasks
        • Bar/bat mitzvah
          • Transition to adulthood. 12 for girls 13 for boys
        • Dassanech life
          • Female circumcision-recognition as a woman
      • Mead (1927)- not all cultures have a transitional stage
    • Control
      • Conformity-following the rules
      • Informal agents
    • Gangs
      • Types of gangs
        • Criminal
          • Crime-attain status
        • Conflict
          • Fighting gangs-escape lack of success
        • Retreatist gangs
          • Illegal drug using and hustling. Delinquency
      • Anne Widdecombe (2008)- girl gangs. Moral panic
      • Reasons for joining
        • Boredom
          • "Something to do"
        • Peer Pressure
          • Rites of passage
        • Sense of belonging
          • Miller (1958)
        • Friendship
          • Social network
            • Williamson (1997)-gangs not always criminal. Focus on friendship. Social class important
          • Media moral panic-"hoodies"
        • Lack of role models
          • Replace missing fathers
        • Status frustration
          • Revenge on society
          • Albert Cohen (1955)-resentment
        • Reggie  Yates (2012)- money main reason
    • Subcultures
      • Gender
        • McRobbie & Garber (1976)- bedroom subculture
      • Post-war affluence, extended schooling and the unclear position of teenagers
      • The mass media
        • Teenage market
        • Stan Cohen (1972)-youth subcultures are the creation of the mass media
      • Leisure
        • More money and free time- enjoy movies, night life,fashion etc
        • Paul Hodgkinson (2002)-formed on shared interested
          • Autonomy-shared activities
      • Affluence
        • More money than previous generations (1950-60's)
          • Industry responds to growing spending power of the age group-specific goods
      • Ethnicity
        • Links groups of young people-something in common
      • Class
        • Economic status
        • Clarke (1976)- skinhead culture united members because of frustration about being poor+ unemployed
      • "Consistent distinctiveness"
  • Subcultures
    • Gender
      • McRobbie & Garber (1976)- bedroom subculture
    • Post-war affluence, extended schooling and the unclear position of teenagers
    • The mass media
      • Teenage market
      • Stan Cohen (1972)-youth subcultures are the creation of the mass media
    • Leisure
      • More money and free time- enjoy movies, night life,fashion etc
      • Paul Hodgkinson (2002)-formed on shared interested
        • Autonomy-shared activities
    • Affluence
      • More money than previous generations (1950-60's)
        • Industry responds to growing spending power of the age group-specific goods
    • Ethnicity
      • Links groups of young people-something in common
    • Class
      • Economic status
      • Clarke (1976)- skinhead culture united members because of frustration about being poor+ unemployed
    • "Consistent distinctiveness"

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Youth resources »