Sociology

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What do official crime statistics show?
Official police statistics showing rates of UK crime.
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Why may someone not report a crime to the police?
It could be embarassing, pointless, your fault, done to a family member or friend or your not insured.
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What are official crime statistics based on?
Reported crimes.
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What did Steven Moore say about crime?
He said that the police play a very significant part in the social construction of crime and deviance because it is they who reported crimes.
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What did holdaway say?
That nottingham is te most criminal city. Many more crimes involving £10 or less were recorded than the rest of the country.
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What did Jack Young point out?
That laws have been created, often quickly without forethought .
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What are 3 good things about official statistics?
They are from a large sample size - representative. The statistics are reported every year - reliable. you can identify patterns and trends.
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What are 3 Bad points about official statistics?
They are socially constructed, They only show reported crime, and are not that valid as they don't go into detail.
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What is the alternate to Official statistics?
The British crime survey.
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What is the British Crime survey?
An annual survey by the home service of 50,000 house holds which gets them to record all of their experiences of crime in the last year.
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What is formal social control?
When an agents primary job is to control people.
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What is informal social control?
When as agents may do this but its not their only job
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What are the 4 types of formal social control?
Legislature, police, Judiciary, and the penal system
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What is legislature?
The system that makes laws.
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What can the police do?
Arrest you, make people follow laws, act as a deterant, make you feel safe.
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What can the judicary do?
They can sentence you, and put you in prison.
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What can the penal system do?
They enforce the sentence you are given.
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What are the 5 agents of informal agents of social control?
Family, Media, Religion, Peers, and education.
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What can family do?
They can control you through the norms and values they teach you.
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What can the media do?
The media can control what you think.
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Whats can religion do?
It can control you, so good people go to heaven and bad to hell.
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What can Peers do?
They can control you by giving you status within a group.
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What can education do?
Schools can control your thoughts through what your taught.
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What is a social construct?
Something that is created and defined by society, rather than simply a biological state.
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What are the childhood experiences for ages 60+?
They were allowed to leave education at 14, toys were wooden and they were caned at school.
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Where are the childhood experiences for ages 30+?
They were able to leave education at 16, toys were plastic.
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What were the childhoo experiences for ages 5-20?
Leave education from 18, electric toys.
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What did phillipe aries argue?
That childhood is a recent invention.
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What are some ways in which childhhod is socailly constructed?
History - change in school leaving ages, change in toys. Culture - Different cultures depend on who you are. Laws - How they have changed.
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Whats are some ways in which youth isnt socially constructed?
Biology - Puberty - Babes cannot fend for themselves.
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Why does biology, puberty prove how youth isn't a social construct?
Because hormones are biological, and can been seen as the transition from childhood to adult hood, therefore biology constructs it.
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Why does Biology - Babies unable to fend for themselves prove how youth isn't socially constructed?
Human babies need looking after, they aren't physically strong to fend for themselves.
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What do the sure life people do to transfer to adults for children?
Suri boys become roar, this includes acts of violence and insults from elders of the tribe and have to complete tasks. through tis process they become a man.
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Why may people commit crime?
To get things, socialised poorly, status frustration, peer pressure and boredom.
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What do marxists say?
we live in a capitalist society where we are identified by what we consume (buy).
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why may someone not report a crime to the police?

Back

It could be embarassing, pointless, your fault, done to a family member or friend or your not insured.

Card 3

Front

What are official crime statistics based on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Steven Moore say about crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did holdaway say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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