Why did Stalin introduce Collectivisation in 1929

An essay plan explaining why Stalin introduced Collectivisation in the late 1920s. ECONOMIC reasons are in RED and POLITICAL reasons are in BLUE.

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  • Why did Stalin introduce Collectivisation in 1929
    • Communists believed that the ownership of land was wrong
      • Peasants had seized landed estates from landlords during the revolution
      • Communists believed this land should be controlled by the State
    • Grain production (and requisitioning) had decreased towards the end of the NEP
      • Grain was needed to...
        • 1) feed the proletariat workforce in cities
        • 2) export to produce revenue to industrialise the USSR
      • Peasants had purposely grown less to reduce the grain surplus
        • This increased the value of grain on free markets
    • To succeed in the power struggle against the right-wing
      • The policy of Collectivisation was used by Stalin to oppose the Bukharinite "gradualist" policy
    • Grouping small, inefficient farms into collectives would (hopefully) increase efficiency
      • Modern industrial tools could be shared by farmers
      • Fewer farm workers needed on collectives
        • More farmers could migrate to cities to increase urban workforce


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