Road to War -2

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  • Why had international Relations collapsed by 1939?
    • Hitler in Affairs
      • Anti-Comintern Pact
        • Pact with Japan to oppose communism
        • Actually wanted to expand into the east
        • Winston Churchill: 'A gathering storm'
        • New axis alliance formed
      • Remil of Rhineland
        • Breaks TofV
          • Article 42 - Confirmed at Locarno
        • Claimed Germany was under threat
          • Actually Grossdeutsch
        • Br & Fr appease
      • Anschluss
        • Breaks TofV - Article 80
        • Hitler - Greater Germany w/ Austria
          • Told Austrian Nazis to stir up trouble w/ gov
            • Forced Schuschnigg to form Anschluss - marched in for pleb
        • Said union was only way to stop riots - actually resources & army
        • Br & Fr appeased - Chamberlain said it was right
      • Spanish Civil War
        • German arms & equip aid Franco & Fascists
          • Fuelled appeasement
          • Low losses- 300/19,000 in 3 yrs
          • Hitler got access to resources - Iron & Tungsten
          • So did Italians - bond
        • Aims:
          • Practice in military - Blitz
          • German influence in Southern Europe
          • Vs Communism & Soviets
          • Diplomacy: Franco as an ally
      • Nazi-Soviet Pact
        • 1 week before WW2 - 23rd Aug
          • Signed by Ribbentrop & Molotov -foreign ministers
            • Non-aggression pact
              • Partition Poland - West & corridor - Germany, East & Baltic - Russia
                • German arms for Russian raw materials
        • Stalin
          • Bought Stalin time
          • Thought Br & Fr trying to get him & Hitler to fight
          • Weak after 1930s purges
          • mistrust of west
        • Hitler
          • No war on 2 fronts
          • good façade for surprise attack -1941
          • isolating poland
    • Appeasement
      • Outcomes of appeasement
        • abandoned people to the Nazis
        • Gave Britain More time to re-arm
        • Humiliated Britain
        • Let Hitler grow stronger
        • Britain had moral high ground in war
        • attempt to stop war & death
        • Caused war
        • did not stop Hitler
      • Reasons for appeasement
        • Some British approved of Hitler's policies
        • Not Britain's business in Europe
        • British wanted peace
        • Strong Germany = Stopping Russia
        • agreed with Hitler - TofV unfair
    • Causes of WW2
      • LofN Failure
      • Appeasement
      • Great depression
      • Nazi-soviet Pact
      • Versailles
      • Hitler - lebensraum

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