War & Peace

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  • Created by: Rachel
  • Created on: 04-05-14 16:16
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  • War & Peace
    • Just War
      • developed by Augustine, refined by Aquinas
      • based on belief that God commanded justified wars in Bible
      • 2 parts; Jus as Bellum & Jus in Bello
        • jus ad bellum- resort to war, link with wwii
          • Aquinas- Just  cause, intention, authority
          • suarez and di vittoria- proportional, last resort, success
          • catholic bishops- comparative justice
        • jus in bello- conduct during
          • originating from medieval practice - discrimination  (only attack participants) & proportion
          • modern approaches- HAGUE & GENEVA
      • Holy War
        • 3 elements: religious goal, authorised by religious leader, spiritual reward
        • caused by religious differences
        • Christian crusades
        • Muslin- Inner/Greater Jihad (personal spiritual battles) outer/lesser (fight against oppression
    • Pacifism
      • historically Christian - first Christians refused to join Roman army
      • Types: absolute, relative, nuclear
      • Gandhi- not violent protest(also used by MLK
      • Strengths
        • Untitled
      • Weaknesses
        • violence may serve greater good - utilitarianism
        • unrealistic
        • necessary to defeat evil,leaves vulnurable
        • NIEBURH- realism, collective humanity = evil
      • sanctity of life
  • Strengths
    • Just War
      • developed by Augustine, refined by Aquinas
      • based on belief that God commanded justified wars in Bible
      • 2 parts; Jus as Bellum & Jus in Bello
        • jus ad bellum- resort to war, link with wwii
          • Aquinas- Just  cause, intention, authority
          • suarez and di vittoria- proportional, last resort, success
          • catholic bishops- comparative justice
        • jus in bello- conduct during
          • originating from medieval practice - discrimination  (only attack participants) & proportion
          • modern approaches- HAGUE & GENEVA
      • Holy War
        • 3 elements: religious goal, authorised by religious leader, spiritual reward
        • caused by religious differences
        • Christian crusades
        • Muslin- Inner/Greater Jihad (personal spiritual battles) outer/lesser (fight against oppression
    • fits with accepted views of justice
    • realistic- recognises need for force
    • provides checks on states use of force, effectively outlawing war
  • Luke 6 "love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you
  • Matthew 5 " if someone strokes you on your right cheak, turn to him your other"

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