Voting Systems

  • Created by: shay.
  • Created on: 20-03-18 15:54
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  • Voting Systems
    • FPTP
      • Electorate have one vote in their constituency and the one with the most votes wins
      • Extremist parties are unlikely to be elected as they wont be able to win enough votes in any one constituency
      • The result becomes clear quickly, so the winning party can take over Gov as soon as the election is over
      • No. of votes does not reflect the no. of seats won, a party can win with a minority of the votes
      • Smaller parties tend to win fewer seats because they tend not to have enough support in each constituency
      • People may vote tactically to keep a party out rather than for a party they believe in
      • Safe seats
    • PR
      • no. of seats is roughly proportional to no. of votes
      • No votes are wasted - fair
      • No. of seats the parties win reflect the % of votes
      • Difficult to stand as an independent candidate
      • The party can draw up a list so only people who agree with the most powerful people in a party will be elected - not democratic
      • Small parties can have unfair power over the larger parties by threatening to pull out of a coalition
      • There would be less power for constituencies
    • EU Parliament
      • every five years elect 73 MEPs to represent the UK
      • elected using the closed list system (form of PR), put forward a list of people in the order they will be elected


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