Voting Systems

Just a couple of things to bear in mind when using this resouce:

  1. I'm sorry it's quite crowded! I pushed it all in so it can be printed easily
  2. N.I. is Northern Ireland
  3. Yellow points with the blue I icon are descriptions
  4. Blue points with the blue person are examples
  5. Green points with the green tick are advantages
  6. Red points with the red cross are disadvantages

Happy revising!


View mindmap
  • Voting Systems
    • FPTP (first past the post)
      • UK Parliament
        • Candidate with most votes wins. Non-proportional.
      • Local authorities in England and Wales
        • Councils can choose to call an election every three years, or a third to retire each year.
      • Simple to use
      • Outcome is known quickly
      • People can be elected on a minority of the vote
      • Smaller parties are under represented
    • Closed Party List
      • European Parliament
      • Voters cast a single vote for a party on a party list. The no. of votes per party determines how many of their members are elected.
      • Greater proportionality than other options
      • Voter has no choice regarding order of candidates on the list
    • Single Transferrable Vote
      • European Parliament (N.I)
      • N.I. Assembly
      • N.I. Local Councils
      • Scottish Local Councils
      • Proportional system - electors place candidates in number order. Candidates need a quota to win, votes above quota are redistributed to lower choices.
      • Every vote counts to elect someone
      • Results closely match the votes per party.
      • Coalitions are more likely
      • Results take time to count.
    • Supplementary Vote
      • Directly Elected Mayors
      • Police and Crime Commissioners
      • Voters have 1st and 2nd choice. Winner must receive over 50%
      • The winner has over 50% of vote
      • Winner often relies on 2nd choices
    • Additional Member System
      • Scottish Parliament
      • Welsh Assembly
      • Greater London Authority
      • Voters have 2 votes; one for a candidate, second for party list.
        • First vote is like FPTP
        • Second vote ensures it is proportional
      • Wishes of voters are closely aligned with outcome.
      • Ends up with 2 types of elected member - one directly, another from a list.


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