The Vietnam War

Key dates on the Vietnam War taken from the Edexcel revision guide 'Ideology, Conflict and Retreat: The USA in Asia 1950-1973'

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  • Created by: Lyyam
  • Created on: 13-05-14 10:27
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  • Vietnam War
    • The ideological struggle in South East Asia in the early 1950s
      • Ho Chi Minh proclaims Vietnam's independence from the French; setting up the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV): 1945
      • Armed revolt against the returned French breaks out in Vietnam: 1946
      • Communist insurgency in Malaya: 1948
      • 1950
        • First US supplies sent to the French in Vietnam: June
        • Communist China ships arms to the Viet Minh: June
      • Eisenhower elected as President: November 1952
      • Dulles becomes US secretary of state: January 1953
      • 1954
        • Major French defeat at Dien Bien Phu: May
        • Geneva Accords divides Vietnam at the 17th parallel: July
        • SEATO set up: September
        • $2 billion sent to South Vietnam from USA: September
      • Ngo Dinh Diem overthrows the monarchy and proclaims Republic of Vietnam in the South with himself as President: 1955
      • 1956
        • Diem reneges on all Vietnam reflections scheduled under the 1954 Geneva Accords
        • DRV busy with internal problems in the North
      • 1959
        • DNV politburo decides to send substantial aid to communist opponents of Diem in the South - 2nd Vietnam War begins
        • Geneva Accords break down in Laos
      • 1960
        • Pathet Lao (communists) seem on the edge of victory in Laos backed by USSR and DRV
        • Kennedy elected as president: November
    • Growing participation in Vietnam, 1954-1968
      • The Kennedy years, 1960-1963
        • 1959
          • Renewed fighting in Laos
          • Democratic Republic of Vietnam increases support to communist rebels in Vietnam
        • 1960
          • Kennedy elected as President: November
          • Attempted coup against Diem by South Vietnamese Army units: November
          • National liberation front set up to unite opponents of Diem: December
        • 1961
          • Growing tension over Berlin
          • Johnson returns from Vietnam visit: May
          • Rostow-Taylor returns from Vietnam visit: October
          • Approximately 3,200 US military personnel stationed in South Vietnam: December
        • 1962
          • Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV) established: February
          • Geneva Accords on Laos: July
          • Cuban Missile Crisis: October
          • Approximately 11,300 US military personnel stationed in South Vietnam:December
        • 1963
          • Battle of Ap Bac: January
          • Growing crisis with Buddhist majority in South Vietnam: May
          • Diem removed from power and murdered: November
          • Kennedy assassinated, Johnson becomes President: November
          • Approximately 16,300 military personnel stationed in South Vietnam: November
      • The Johnson years, 1963-1967
        • 1963
          • Kennedy Assassinated: November
          • North Vietnam decides to intensify the war with the South: December
        • 1964
          • Johnson approves covert operations against North Vietnam; Coup in Saigon: January
          • Gulf of Tonkin incident; Tonkin Gulf resolution passed by Congress: August
          • Johnson beats Goldwater by landslide: November
          • Approximately 23,300 US Personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1965
          • Johnson approves operation Rolling Thunder: February
          • Two US marine battalions deployed to guard US air bases: March
          • 1st large anti-war demonstration in Washington: May
          • General Westmoreland empowered to commit US ground forces to combat: June
          • Battle of La Drang valley, the first major battle between US forces and the North Vietnamese Army: November
          • Approximately 184,300 US military personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1966
          • US resumes bombing in North Vietnam: January
          • Approximately 385,300 US military personnel in South Vietnam
        • 1967
          • US mines some harbours and rivers in the DRV: February
          • Soviet freighter hit by US bombs: June
          • Nguyen Van Thieu elected President of Republic of Vietnam: Septebmer
          • Anti-war demonstration in Washington turns violent: October
          • Approximately 485,600 US military personnel in South Vietnam: December
    • The Nixon presidency and the withdrawal of US forces, 1969-1973
      • 1968 - the turning point?
        • 1967
          • General Westmoreland gives optimistic briefing to Congress: November
          • Approximately 485,600 military personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1968
          • Attacks on Khe Sanh begin: 20 January
          • Tet Offensive in Saigon and elsewhere: 31 January
          • Last Communists cleared frome Hue: 26 February
          • Requests for extra 200,000 troops: February
          • My Lai Massacre: 16 March
          • Johnson announces he will not stand for Presidency in 1968 election: 31 March
          • 2,169 US ground forces killed in combat; Paris peace talks begin: May
          • Democratic convention in Chicago: August
          • Richard Nixon beats Hubert Humphrey to become President: November
          • Approximately 537,100 US military personnel in South Vietnam: December
      • Nixon and withdrawal, 1969-1973
        • 1968
          • Richard Nixon beats Hubert Humphrey to become President-elect: November
          • Approximately 537,100 US military personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1969
          • US forces peak at 543,000: April
          • Ho Chi Minh dies: September
          • Story of My Lai Massacre breaks; large anti-war demonstrations across USA: November
          • 475,200 military personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1970
          • Coup in Laos: March
          • US invasion of areas in Cambodia; large anti-war demonstrations; four students killed and Kent State University, Ohio: may
          • Congress forbids US ground troops in Cambodia, Laos and Thailand; 334,600 military personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1971
          • ARVN troops cross into Laos: February
          • Australia withdraws last combat troops; 158,120 US military personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1972
          • Nixon visits China: February
          • Major North Vietnam Army  offensive repulsed: March
          • Heavy bombing of North Vietnam: April
          • Kissinger and North Vietnamese agree outline detail; bombing of North Vietnam halted: October
          • Nixon re-elected as president: November
          • North Vietnamese walk out of Paris talks; operation Linebacker II - heavy bombing of northern North Vietnam; 24,000 US military personnel in South Vietnam: December
        • 1973
          • Peace talks resume - agreement reached; ceasefire: January
          • Withdrawal of US forces: March
      • Aftermath and assessment, 1973-1975
        • 1973
          • Withdrawal of all US military personnel from South Vietnam completed: March
        • 1974
          • Nixon resignes as President: August
        • 1975
          • Major NVA attack in South Vietnam: March
          • Communist forces enter Saigon; Khmer Rouge forces occupy Phnom Penh in Cambodia: April
          • Communist Pathet Lao take over Laos: December
        • 1976
          • North and South Vietnam unite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: July
        • 1978
          • Vietnam invades Cambodia and ends rule of Khmer Rouge: December
        • 1979
          • China and Vietnam clash: February

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