Vietnam War

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Joe Dodd
  • Created on: 27-04-13 15:25
View mindmap
  • Vietnam War
    • Gulf of Tonkin Incident
      • US ship attacked by Vietcong ships off N. Vietnamese coast
        • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed. Gave President Johnson wide military powers against VC - August 1964
          • LBJ increases number of US troops from 20,000 to 500,000 over next 4 years
    • Operation Rolling Thunder
      • Widespread bombing in North Vietnam
        • Initially planned for 8 weeks. Instead continued for 3 and a half years
    • Tet Offensive
      • On Tet Holiday, Vietcong attacked cities and towns across S. Vietnam, including Saigon, the capital.
        • A Vietcong failure (between January and March 50,00 VCs died).
          • However, the US public were shocked by scenes, particularly the VC in the American embassy.
            • This made the war look "unwinnable"(Walter Cronkite, CBS News).
              • Following this, number of anti-war protests increased - Kent State University, Ohio, 1970, 4 deaths.
      • January, 1968
    • My Lai Massacre
      • 16th March, 1968
      • Charlie Company go to My Lai to kill VC soldiers, believing that all civilians were at the market.
        • Instead, in 4 hours they kill between 300 to 400 civilians, mostly children, women and elderly people.
          • Initially seen as success, but a 12 months later former soldier Ronald Ridenhour sends letter to 30 politicians exposing massacre.
            • Life Magazine also publishes horrific photos from My Lai.
              • September, 1969 - Lt. William Calley court-martialled for murder of 109 civilians.
                • March, 1971 - Calley charged for murder of 22 civilians - 22 years hard labour in prison.
                  • November, 1974 - Calley is released.
    • End of Vietnam War
      • May, 1969 - Beginning of Vietnamisation. US troops train ARVN troops to fend for themselves.
        • January, 1973 - Paris Peace Treaty Signed between Pres. Nixon, Le Duc Tho (representing N. Vietnam) and Pres. Thieu (of S. Vietnam). US troops begin to leave Vietnam.
          • 29th April, 1975 - End of war. Vietcong win by capturing Saigon.
        • Passes on burden to South Vietnam.
    • Guerilla Warfare
      • US troops found it difficult to use 'conventional warfare' in tropical conditions and uneven terrain.
        • Unable to utilise tanks and B-52 Bombers.
          • Instead used chemicals such as Agent Orange which destroyed environment to stop agriculture and made it difficult for VCs to hide.
            • If Agent Orange came into human contact, however, it would have terrible side effects.
          • Instead used Nepalm to kill and injure people, and destroy the environment.
        • Inexperienced US troops often got caught in booby traps.


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »