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  • Utilitarianism
    • Rule Utilitarianism- John Stuart Mill
      • Background
        • Other languages at 5
        • Fluent in greek at 3
        • Completed classical education by 14
        • The son of a friend and follower of Bentham
        • suffered a nervous breakdown at 20
      • Ideas
        • Believed that justice truth and love were good regardless whether they were wanted or not
        • "It is better to a human dissatisfied than a pig satisfied"
        • Believed that Bentham had never really suffered
        • he accepted the utility principle of the greatest good for the greatest number
        • Believed happiness was to simplistic
        • But he did not think you needed a special calculus
      • Theory
        • However, once rules are established it becomes inflexible
        • Good because it takes care of some of the problems
        • Divided this into strong and weak rules. weak have expectations strong do not
        • Follow the rule which produces  greatest good if everyone follows it
        • The Harm Principle
          • The only time power can be exercised over any member of a civilised community against his will is to prevent  harm to others
        • Focuses on general rules that everyone should follow to bring about the greatest good for the community
    • Act Utilitarianism- Jeremy Betham
      • Strengths & Weaknesses
        • Strengths
          • Natural to consider consequense
          • You can judge each situation individually
          • dangerous minority are not allowed to dominate
          • Untitled
          • Balanced
        • Weaknesess
          • Some pain can be good
          • Could be seen as injust
          • no one
          • No credit to motivation
          • Untitled
          • Depends on accurate predictions
          • Difficult to measure pleasure
      • Henondic Calculus
        • Propinquity-how near or remote it is
        • certainty- how sure are we it will happen
        • Fecundity- how likely it will lead to more pleasure
        • duration- how temporary and permement it is
        • Extent- how far will happiness spread
        • Intenisty- how deep or superficial it is
      • Theory
        • Jeremy was a henodist
        • Jeremy saw the hardships of this period and wanted to produce a theory to help
          • Alcholism
          • Prostituion
          • Child labour
          • Homelessnes
        • He produce a teleological theory


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