Unit 7: positive impact of immigration in France

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  • PIED NOIR - French people born in Algeria during French occupation, who went to mainland France after they gained independence
  • FRANCAIS DE SOUCHE - people whose families have lived in France for several generations
  • LES DOM-TOM - (Départements d'outre-mer, Territoires d'outre-mer), French overseas departments and territories
  • People come to France to escape war, natural disasters, to find work, to live close to family or to live a better life in general
  • Helps France economically by helping in the face of an aging population, offering a global perspective for businesses and helps when there are shortages of workers (such an in engineering)
  • France welcomed many immigrants after WW2 as around 600,000 French died and they needed more workers
  • According INSEE in 2008, over 40% were from Eastern Europe and 40% from West Africa (Magrebians from countries like Tunisia, Algeria etc)
  • According to INSEE in 2018, more than six million immigrants lived in France
  • Immigration in France has increased by 5% since WW2
  • In the first two decades after WW2, immigrants contributed 40% to population growth
  • DEMANDEUR D'ASILE - someone who left their home country due to personal danger
  • Immigration in France has been consistent throughout the last century. In the 1950s it was the Pied-Noirs, in the 1970s it was the Boat-People.
  • Recently, the EU has relaxed rules which has enabled more people to work throughout Europe, which has benefitted those affected by war in countries like Syria and Libya
  • LES BOAT-PEOPLE - came from Indo-China after the end of the Vietnam War to European countries like France.


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