Truman and Civil Rights

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  • Truman and Civil Rights
    • 'To Secure These Rights' established 46, published 47
      • police brutality
      • lynching
        • truman produced no anti-lynching laws or 'executive orders' as he had produced with other recommendations made
      • voting rights
        • 1944 18% blacks able to vote
      • health
        • BLACKS - 1 doctor to 3377 patients WHITES - 1 to 750
      • education
        • medical schools accepted no blacks
        • schools seperate but never equal
      • employment
        • white teachers earnt 3 x black teachers
        • William Haiste appointed 1st black federal judge
        • CGCC 51 ensured gov contracts did not go to racist employers
        • fair employment board
          • de jure not de facto (under-funded)
      • armed forces
        • BLACKS - 1 in 70 promoted WHITES - 1 in 7 promoted
        • truman desegregated in 59 but ittle effect until korea 50/51
    • FAIR DEAL
      • designed to provide housing for ghetto areas
        • address economic problems for blacks
        • actually demolished more houses than it created reducing availability of affordable housing
    • 1948 election showed voting power of blacks which exceeded that of southern
    • first president since lincoln to address civil rights issues
      • put civil rights on political agenda for future presidents

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