The Post Mortem

Mind map for Post Mortem 

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  • The Post Mortem
    • Autopsy
      • See with ones own eyes
    • Why?
      • Identify cause of death
      • Confirm nature of illness
      • Identify any other conditions
      • Assess effects of treatments and drugs
    • When?
      • As soon as possible after death
      • When a death is sudden or unexpected
      • Person has been ill but doctor cannot confirm cause of death
      • Death resulting from accident or unusual circumstances
    • Time of Death (TOD)
      • Livor mortis
        • reddish-purple discoloration - occurs when blood settles in a certain place i.e. bottom - if the individual was sitting down during their death.
      • Rigor mortis
        • Stiffening due to post mortem muscle contraction - depletion of ATP
      • Body temperature
      • Stomach contents
      • When last seen alive?
      • Decomposition - autolysis, putrefaction, skeletonisation
    • Most Common Verdicts
      • Death by natural causes
      • Death by misadventure
      • Accidental death
      • Lawful killing
      • Suicide
      • Unlawful killing
      • Occupational disease
      • Drug dependence
      • Non-dependent drug abuse
      • Still birth
    • Report
      • External examination
        • body tag
        • Weight and height
        • Clothing and valuables identified
        • Scars, tattoos, injuries, wounds and bruises recorded
        • Foreign objects noted
      • Evidence of Therapy
      • Evidence of injury
      • Internal examination
        • Dissection of head and abdomen
        • Organs removed, weighed, measured and examined
        • Tissue samples examined under microscope
        • Fluid samples tested for drugs, infection
      • Microscopic examination
      • Toxicology
      • Summary of findings
      • Cause and manner of death
        • Cause
          • Disease or injury which produces the physiological disruption inside the body resulting in death.
          • Example: Gunshot wound to the chest.
        • Manner
          • How the death come about.
          • Five categories: 1. homicide 2. suicide 3. natural 4. accident 5. undetermined

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