Philosophy- Core- The mind-Body Problem

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • The Mind-Body Problem
    • Dualism
      • The view that humans have two parts, a physical body and a non-physical mind
      • Descartes
        • The view that humans have two parts, a physical body and a non-physical mind
        • We can imagine ourselves separate from our body or talk of ourselves in a dualistic way
    • Materialism
      • The view that humans have a material body only
      • Our minds and brains are identical
        • There is no non-physical mind or soul
          • Humans are entiraly physical
      • Everything consists of physical matter and forces which determines how matter behaves
        • Conscious states are brain states- there is a mental state for a brain state
    • Some see the mind and brain as identical, others view them as separate
    • Localisation
      • Materialism
        • The view that humans have a material body only
        • Our minds and brains are identical
          • There is no non-physical mind or soul
            • Humans are entiraly physical
        • Everything consists of physical matter and forces which determines how matter behaves
          • Conscious states are brain states- there is a mental state for a brain state
      • Different mental events are associated with different parts of the brain
        • Mental activity is localised in different areas
          • Localisation
            • Different mental events are associated with different parts of the brain
              • Mental activity is localised in different areas
              • Studies on brain damage patients show that damage to certain areas of the brain produce characteristic faults
        • Studies on brain damage patients show that damage to certain areas of the brain produce characteristic faults
      • Qualia and Consciousness
        • qualia- raw experiences, e.g. tasting wine; feeling sunlight on one's skin
        • 'emergent property' - do unconscious atoms combine to make something conscious- e.g. glucose made sweet
        • Dualism
          • Descartes
            • We can imagine ourselves separate from our body or talk of ourselves in a dualistic way
        • Only humans have minds. It is our inner mental life that makes us human.
          • The fact that we are thinking beings is evidence of the mind- we question our existence.
      • Divisibility
        • 'there is a vast difference between the mind and the body, in that the body is always divisible, while the mind is completely indivisible
        • Physical things can be divided but thoughts cannot so they must take place in a non-physical mind
      • Extentislism
        • Our bodies and other physical objects have 'extensions'. -they can be located in space but thoughts cannot be.
        • therefore, since thoughts do not have extension, the mind must therefore be non-physical
          • Our bodies and other physical objects have 'extensions'. -they can be located in space but thoughts cannot be.
      • Continuity of Identity
        • A non-physcial mind gives our identity.
        • We change over time but there remains a sence of ourselves- due to our mind which cannot changesince it is non-physical
        • We must have a non-physical mind to posess free will or we are entirely goverened by the law of physicss

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Philosophy resources:

    See all Philosophy resources »See all resources »