The Great Leap Forward - The Second Five-Year Plan

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  • Created by: sammilaw
  • Created on: 22-11-14 11:12
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  • The Great Leap Forward 1958-1962
    • The Second Five-Year Plan
    • Causes:
      • Marxist ideology = development of an industrialised proletariat
      • Mao believed that human willpower was the key factor the change
      • By 1958, Mao had been in power for nearly 10 years - had secured his power over the people
      • The first five-year plan was too reliant on USSR - Mao wanted to show his independance
      • Mao's visit to Moscow in 1957 inspired him that Communism was more inspired than Capitalism - Sputnik
      • Sino-Soviet relations in 1958 were so poor that Mao wanted China to be not only economically independent but the leader of world communism
    • Aims:
      • To modernise and industrialise China
      • Overtake the West (e.g. UK in steel output in 15 years)
      • Increase agriculture output = increase in food to the cities & exports to buy machinery
      • Mass mobilisation of Chinese population
      • Carried out by the CCP (Liu Shaoqui & Deng Xiaoping)

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